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Algeria

Yearbook 2018

Algeria. The Berber New Year, which occurred January 12, was celebrated for the first time as a public holiday in Algeria. The decision was announced in December 2017 and, according to President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, was taken to "strengthen national unity". Two days before the holiday, the Algerian Ministry of the Interior issued for the first time a communique in the Arabic language tamazight. The Berbers are a significant minority in the country. The Berber calendar that has been used again since the 20th century is based on the estimated time when Sheshonk I became a pharaoh in Egypt. According to the Berber calendar, 2018 corresponds to the year 2968.

In March, 44 African states, including Algeria, signed an agreement to set up the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).

In April, President Bouteflika announced three days of national grief after a military aircraft crashed and all 257 on board died. The plane was traveling from Alger to Tindouf in western Algeria and crashed shortly after takeoff. According to reports, some 30 members of the Western Saharan Polisario movement must have been on board. Polisario has its base in Tindouf. A border crossing between Algeria and Mauritania was opened in August near this city, the first between the countries since France's independence.

According to Countryaah.com, Bloggers Merzoug Touati was sentenced in May to ten years in prison, accused of providing "foreign power" with intelligence. He was arrested in January 2017 after advocating protests against a new finance law and publishing a video interview with a spokesman for the Israeli Foreign Ministry.

In August, the first outbreak of cholera was recorded in Algeria in over 20 years. At least two people die of intestinal infectious disease, which is usually spread with contaminated water and food.

In September, several high-ranking soldiers were allowed to leave, including the Air Force Inspector and the ground forces commander. In Algeria, the president is commander-in-chief.

Dissatisfaction with the Speaker of Parliament, Said Bouhadja, among a large number of Members led to the latter literally locking the President out of his workplace in mid-October. The politicians also worked to get the President replaced. Among other things, he was accused of wasting money.

Algeria - Algiers

Algiers

Alger, Arabic Al-Jazāūir, capital of Algeria; 2. 2 million residents (2010). Algiers is Algeria's political, economic and cultural center, with university (founded 1879). It is also the country's largest port city with exports of, among other things. vegetables, fruits, wine and iron ore. An international airport is located in Dar el-Beïda, east of the city.

Of particular interest, and now listed on UNESCO's World Heritage List, is the city's kasbah, the old town of Alger. The settlement covers the steep slopes from the fort, casbah, down to the sea with a central business street, mosques, palaces, administrative buildings, baths and fountains mainly from the 16th century to the 18th century.

The oldest mosque is Djama El-Kebir, the Great Mosque, at Place des Martyrs, probably founded in the 11th century. Next to it is the so-called Fish Mosque from 1660. The center of the Kasbahn is Place Sheikh Ben Badis with the Ketchau Mausoleum in Moorish style from 1794 and the palace Aziza Bent El Bey and Hassan Pacha in Moorish style from the end of the 18th century. The city is also marked by the mosques Djama Sapphire (1534), Sidi Abd Er-Rahmana (1626) and Ali Bitchnine (1623) as well as the Admiralty and Sidna Hamman (bath, still in use), both from the 16th century, and the Musée des Arts et Traditions (Ethnographic Museum).

A restoration program for the Kasbahn, which is seriously threatened with decay, was started in 1978.

Algae was founded as a colony by the Phoenicians and was known in Roman times by the name of Icosium. In the 9th century, the city became a trading center during a Berber dynasty. In the 16th century, Alger was once Spanish; in the 18th century it came under the Turks and developed into a prosperous trading town. Algiers became French in 1830. During World War II, the headquarters of the Allies' forces in North Africa lay in Algiers. During the Algerian Liberation War against France in the 1950s, Alger played an important role and was the center of the national liberation front, FLN.

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