Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the October presidential
election, three presidents were elected, according to the
constitution. For the Bosnian Serbs (Republika Srpska),
Milorad Dodik, who is for a split between Bosnia and
Herzegovina, won for the Serbs SDA's Šefik Džaferović and
for the Croatians Social Democrat Željko Komšić from the
party HDZ. The election was preceded by a campaign full of
ethnic tensions. The question was very much about whether
the country should be united or divided and whether to
approach the EU or not.
Countryaah.com, the country's complex political system with three
presidents is a product of the Balkan war in the early
1990s. After the war, the country was divided into two
halves, one side dominated by Serbs and the other by Croats
and Muslims. The term of office of the three presidents
rotates and you are governed eight months each.
At the beginning of the year, an investigation was
started about a paramilitary organization called "Serbian
honor". It is suspected that it was created as a means of
pressure against people who oppose Bosnian Serb President
Milorad Dodik. Reports have come that the organization's
members have been trained by Russians. The aim of the
Russians would be to create instability in the region and
opposition to NATO and the EU, among others.