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Burkina Faso

Yearbook 2018

Burkina Faso. In early March, both the army headquarters and the French embassy in the capital Ouagadougou were exposed to terrorist attacks. A total of 16 people lost their lives, eight of them assailants. Later, the Islamist group Jama'at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslim (JNIM) took on the attacks. The group is based in Mali and is affiliated with al-Qaeda.

2018 Burkina Faso

According to Countryaah.com, terror attacks have become an increasing problem in Burkina Faso in recent years, especially in the eastern and northern parts of the country. One reason for this could be that militant jihadist groups have been pushed back in neighboring countries Mali and Niger. In March, the International Red Cross reported that at least 5,000 people had been forced to flee their homes in the northern Soum province since the turn of the year due to attacks across the Mali border. According to official figures published in April, 133 people, many of them civil servants, had been killed in Islamic terrorist acts since 2015.

In August, at least seven soldiers and military police were killed en route to the city of Pama in eastern Burkina Faso, where a police station had previously been subjected to a fire attack. The vehicle in which they were traveling was driving on a homemade land mine. Similar events occurred in September, when a vehicle exploded in the air in the province of Soum and eight soldiers lost their lives, and in October when another six soldiers were killed by a road bomb in the eastern part of the country. In October, French flights carried out an attack in the north, killing dozens of Islamist militants, according to official records.

In late September, thousands of people in Ouagadougou demonstrated against the increased violence and corruption in the country. The poor security situation exacerbates the already severe drought situation in the country. Smaller cereal crops than expected risked food shortages and severe malnutrition in tens of thousands of children. The worst was the situation in the northern parts of the country.

In March, Burkina Faso was one of a total of 44 African countries that signed an agreement on a new African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). In August, the country's election commission announced that a referendum on a new constitution will be held in March 2019. The new constitutional proposal means, among other things, that the president will only be able to sit for two terms of office.

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