Chad. According to
Countryaah.com, Chad had protested that the country was on the US
list of countries whose citizens were not allowed to enter
the United States. In April, the announcement came that Chad
would be removed from the disputed list.
In February, the EU pledged to double its support for the
West African G5 force to the equivalent of approximately SEK
1 billion. The G5 force will include 5,000 soldiers and
police from Chad, Niger, Mali, Mauritania and Burkina Faso
with the mission of fighting terrorists and refugee
smugglers. Chad's well-trained military is expected to bear
great responsibility in the force.
In eight years, at least 20,000 people have been killed
by the extremist group Boko Haram in the area around Lake
Chad in Chad, Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon. More than 2
million people have been displaced and food shortages
prevail in the area, suffering from climate warming and
water scarcity with a shrinking lake. Svenska Sida decided
to allocate SEK 180 million to remedy the food shortage.
In April, Chad's parliament approved a new constitution
that gave more power to President Idriss Déby and abolished
the Prime Minister's post. Déby was also given the
opportunity to remain head of state for two additional terms
until 2033 (he came to power in 1990). The opposition
protested by not participating in the vote. Déby announced
that parliamentary elections would be held in November.
At least 18 people were killed in July when suspected
Boko Haram supporters attacked a village near the Nigeria
border. The attackers cut the throats of their victims and
kidnapped ten women, according to the military. The attacks
from Boko Haram in Chad are said to have increased during
The Election Commission announced in November that the
planned election would be postponed until 2019. The same has
happened several times since the election would have been
held in 2015.
During the year, six tip rhinos flew from South Africa to
Chad in order to create a new population of the species in
the country. Late rhinos were once a natural part of
wildlife in Chad, but illegal hunting led to their
extinction 46 years ago.
Chad - Ndjamena
N'Djamena, until 1973 Fort-Lamy, capital of Chad; 1. 1 million
residents (2012). N'Djamena is an economic center, important for cotton
cultivation, livestock management and fishing. The city has good road links with
neighboring countries and international airport. In N'Djamena there are
universities (founded in 1971) and research institutes.
N'Djamena was founded in 1900 as a French military posting and became 1920
capital of the Chad territory in French Equatorial Africa.