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Yearbook 2018

Colombia. According to, 42-year-old Iván Duque was elected in the second round of the presidential election June 17 as Colombia's youngest president to date and installed in his office August 7. He also became the first from the right-wing Democratic Center (CD) to hold the presidential office. The victory margin against opponent Gustavo Petro from the left-wing coalition Human Colombia was convincing - 54% - and turnout - 53% - record high for being Colombia. Duque won a majority of the vote in three quarters of the country's provinces and in 19 provincial capitals, including the country's second largest city of Medellín. At the same time, it was noted that Petro received more votes than any other left candidate in the country's history and that he won in four of the country's largest cities, including the capital Bogotá.

2018 Colombia

The big winner in the congressional elections held March 11 was the center-right party Radical Change (CR), which almost doubled the number of seats in both chambers and became the second largest party in the Senate. The success seemed to point to the success of party leader Germán Vargas Lleras in the first round of the presidential election on May 27, but they failed to do so. In addition, the party lacked its own majority in Congress. Gustavo Petro's new left coalition managed to win four seats in the Senate and two in the House of Representatives. Alternative General Revolutionary Force (FARC) - the former guerrilla movement's civilian party - won no seats on its own, but only got the total ten seats guaranteed to them through the 2016 peace treaty.

Some successes were noted in the fight against the still active paramilitary groups. In early August, Carlos Antonio "Nicolás" Moreno Tuberquia, a second man in the Gulf Clan, operating in the northern province of Antioquia, was arrested. In recent years, several of the group's top names have been killed or captured. Peace talks with the last left guerrilla ELN (National Liberation Army) went slower and resumed in Ecuador in mid-March after a long hiatus, but with little optimism. Armed attacks in July by unknown perpetrators but attributed to ELN did not make the mood better.

A referendum on seven proposals for anti-corruption measures was a surprising failure. By a marginal margin, the limit on the number of votes required to approve the result was lower (one third of those eligible), and the proposals fell.

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