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East Timor

Yearbook 2018

Timor. After the minority government's budget was voted down twice in the fall of 2017, East Timor President Francisco Guterres dissolved in January and re-announced elections.

2018 East Timor

According to Countryaah.com, the election was held in May, just under ten months after the last election. Last year's results were very evenly between the country's two largest parties Fretilin and CNRT, with a marginal overweight for Fretilin who formed a minority government with the Democratic Party.

In this year's election campaign, the main candidates were Fretilin and the alliance AMP (Alliance for Change and Development), which consisted of the parties CNRT, PLP and the newly formed Khunto. The electoral movement was dominated by promises to lift the agricultural and tourism sectors and to improve the country's education and health care.

In the election, the AMP won 34 of the Parliament's 65 seats. 23 mandates went to Fretilin, according to data from ElectionGuide. The turnout was 86.1%.

In June, President Guterres Taur Matan Ruak appointed new Prime Minister. Ruak belonged to the AMP alliance and has previously been guerrilla leader, defense minister and country president between 2012 and 2017. The new government's political program was approved by Parliament in July.

During the spring, the conflict between Australia and East Timor came to an end as to how the gas and oil-rich Timor Sea assets should be distributed once an agreement between the countries was signed at the UN office in New York in March. The case was raised by the Permanent Arbitration Court in The Hague last year, which then ordered a compelling settlement between the parties. The agreement meant that the gas reserves that exist in the Greater Sunrise field in the Timor Sea and which were bound during the ongoing conflict could begin to be recovered. Greater Sunrise gas was estimated to be worth $ 65 billion, according to Reuters news agency, which stated that between 70 and 80% of the profits from gas extraction would go to East Timor.

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