Georgia. According to
Countryaah.com, Former ex-President Micheil Saakashvili was
sentenced in January to three years in prison for abuse of
power. Georgia then attempted to extradite Saakashvili from
Ukraine, where he led an opposition movement and is accused
of trying to overthrow the government.
When the Saakashvili movement in February led a protest
march through Kiev demanding the president's departure,
Ukraine decided to deport Saakashvili to Poland. From there
he went to the Netherlands, where he has his family.
Later in the year, Saakashvili was sentenced in a new
Georgian trial to another six years in prison, also for
abuse of power. Saakashvili labeled all the allegations as
false and politically motivated.
The billionaire and former Prime Minister Bidzina
Ivanishvili resumed the leadership of the ruling party
alliance Georgian Dream in the spring. Although he has been
formally absent from politics for a period, he is considered
to exert strong influence in the scenes.
In May, President Giorgi Margvelashvili criticized the
government's attitude to the Russian Federation. He called
for strategic patience, not to respond to all Russian
provocations and to give the Kremlin a pretext to use force
against Georgia. He also accused the government of a
monopoly of power over the opposition, claiming that persons
who committed the abuse are allowed to continue in the
judiciary and security apparatus.
Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikasjvili visited the United
States in May and promised enhanced financial and security
assistance to Georgia. The United States called on the
Russian Federation to withdraw its military from the
breakaway republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, where
Russian troops have remained since the 2008 war. The United
States also expressed support for future Georgian membership
In May, thousands of people demonstrated in Tbilisi and
demanded the prosecutor's departure following allegations of
political corruption in the judiciary. The prosecutor left
his post, but the protests continued and grew with demands
for the government's resignation. The anger involved a trial
for the murder of two teenage boys, where the guilty were
deemed to have escaped or received mitigated punishment with
the help of relatives in the prosecution office.
The father of one of the murdered boys led the
demonstrations, which grew into mass protests against a
judicial system deemed corrupt by the elite for the elite.
Strikes broke out in parallel with the protests and crippled
public transport in Tbilisi. Several opposition activists
and politicians were arrested when police disbanded tent
camps in the center of Tbilisi.
In June, Prime Minister Kvirika Kashvili resigned under
pressure and announced his departure. He then referred to
contradictions with Georgian dream party leader Ivanishvili.
The entire government resigned, and former Finance Minister
Mamuka Bakhtadze was elected by Parliament as new Prime
President Giorgi Margvelashvili said at the NATO Summit
in Brussels in July that Georgia met all requirements and
was ready to join NATO "today". But the NATO countries
repeated their 2008 decision that Georgia should become a
member without setting a timetable.
Critics felt that President Donald Trump's actions at the
NATO meeting were detrimental to the issue of Georgia's (and
Ukraine's) future relationship with NATO. Trump broke the
agenda at a meeting discussing member states' contributions
to NATO's economy.
In August, NATO conducted a major military maneuver in
Georgia with approximately 3,000 troops from Georgia, the
United States and eight other NATO countries as well as
Armenia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine.
Russian Federation Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev warned
of a terrible conflict if NATO takes Georgia as a member.
NATO's eastward expansion, as more and more countries in the
neighborhood of the Russian Federation become members, is a
major security threat to the Russian Federation, according
The campaign for the October presidential election was
dominated by accusations of corruption in various
directions. The Georgian Dream Government Party supported
the independent candidate Salom谷 Zurabishvili. She was born
in France by Georgian refugees, came to Georgia as French
ambassador, became Georgian foreign minister and
presidential candidate. Foremost opposition candidate was
Grigol Vasjadze from the United National Movement, including
his former Foreign Minister.
In the first round, Zurabishvili barely won over
Vasjadze, but when no one got more than 50 percent, it
became a decisive round of elections in December between the
two main. It was won by Zurabishvili with close to 60
percent compared to just over 40 percent for Vasjadze.
During the year, plastic bags and plastic bags were
banned in Georgia. Only biodegradable and compostable bags
are allowed, and must be labeled with material, thickness
and manufacturer. Violations of the ban can be punished by
fines equivalent to close to SEK 1,700 for the first time
and double the amount for repeated wrongdoing.