Guinea. The year was marked by the local elections held
in February and protests that followed. The elections were
actually held in 2010, but have been postponed for various
reasons for the future. According to
Countryaah.com, the elections themselves were
surrounded by violent acts that killed at least twelve
people, five of whom were young children killed by a fire
bomb in the city of Kalinko. The opposition accused the
ruling party of the Guinean People's Party (RPG), with
President Alpha Condé at the head, for electoral fraud and
maintained that irregularities had been committed when it
became clear that the RPG had obtained the majority of the
seats in the country. The opposition, on the other hand, won
in the capital Conakry.
At the end of February, the union central organization
UGTG announced a general strike in support of the
opposition. Opposition leader Cellou Dalein Diallo, who
represents Guinea's Democratic Forces (UFDG), accused the
police of using excessive force in their efforts against,
among other things, the roadblocks that were set up to stop
The protests continued in March when about a thousand
women dressed in red and white marched along a highway in
the capital in a manifestation against police violence,
which reportedly had cost three young men their lives. After
the death toll to 15 people, Diallo quit the strike in early
April and began a dialogue with President Condé about
possible measures to reduce tensions in society.
When the talks did not move in the desired direction, the
opposition resumed its protests in mid-May. After Condé
talked about the need for a government reform and ministers
who "listened to the people", Prime Minister Mamady Youla
and his government resigned. Youla was replaced by Ibrahima
Kassory Fofana, who was Finance Minister from 1997 to 2000.
With a few exceptions, Fofana's new government, especially
on the heavy ministerial posts, consisted of the same people
who had been part of Youla's ministry.
Planned protests were suspended in mid-August after the
UFDG and the government agreed that the opposition party
should appoint 22 mayors and district leaders in certain
special cities. Despite this, new demonstrations flared up
in the fall.
In March, an agreement was signed to lead to an African
Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). Guinea was one of a
total of 44 African countries that signed the agreement.