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Ivory Coast

Yearbook 2018

Ivory Coast. As in 2017, rioting broke out among soldiers in Bouaké, the country's second largest city. In January, a military base caught fire after soldiers plundered it on weapons and ammunition. Forces from an elite band located on the base intervened and battles erupted, however, without anyone losing their lives. According to, Bouaké was also affected by severe water shortages. The reason was that the pond where most of the city's water had previously been collected has almost dried up. The residents instead had to collect water from tankers.

2018 Ivory Coast

In March, the first election for the upper house (Senate) was held in Parliament. All opposition parties boycotted the election, but a number of independent candidates opposed the ruling party's Houphouetist Democracy and Peace (RHDP) meeting. Of the 66 seats that were at stake, and which are added through indirect elections, RHDP received 50. In total, the Senate should have 99 members, 33 of whom are appointed by the president.

In July, President Alasanne Ouattara dissolved the government following a conflict within the government coalition. The Ivory Coast Democratic Party (PDCI) had announced that it wanted to launch its own candidate for the 2020 presidential election, while Ouattara himself earlier in the year expressed the view that he could be a candidate himself, despite sitting the two mandated terms allowed. According to Ouattara, that rule would not apply because the country was given a new constitution in 2016. A few weeks after Prime Minister Amadou Gon Coulibaly was commissioned to form a new government, several of the coalition parties formally joined the RHDP. PDCI, on the other hand, abstained and declared that it would stand as an opposition party in the upcoming local and regional elections. The elections were held in October and PDCI, led by Henri Konan Bédié, became the second largest party in total. However, RHDP gained power in most regions and municipalities. In connection with the elections, unrest erupted in several parts of the country.

In August, President Ouattara issued an amnesty for about 800 prisoners. Several of them had been sentenced either for participating in the violence after the 2010 election or for crimes against the state after 2011. One of the released was former President Laurent Gbagbo's wife Simone Gbagbo.

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