Jordan. According to
Countryaah.com, Jordan's roughly 1 million refugees from the war
in Syria are hitting hard on the Treasury. To resolve the
economic crisis, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and
Kuwait therefore offered $ 2.5 billion in June "in light of
the close fraternal relations".
Before that, King Abdullah II had forced Prime Minister
Hani al-Mulki to resign because of the mass protests that
erupted as a result of increased taxes. These had been
introduced as part of the International Monetary Fund's
(IMF) austerity package to reduce the country's government
debt. According to the government, the tax increases would
equalize the social differences because high-paid people had
to pay more than low-paid ones. New Prime Minister Omar
al-Razzaz, on the other hand, promised to withdraw the
controversial tax hike, and the IMF would release another $
70 million to the country.
In January, the Arab League announced its intention to
work for international recognition of East Jerusalem as the
capital of the Palestinians. According to Jordanian Foreign
Minister Ayman Safadi, Jerusalem is occupied land under
international law. The decision was made at a meeting in
Jordan's capital Amman, attended by foreign ministers from
Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Morocco and the Palestinian
In October, Jordan announced that it does not intend to
renew a 1994 lease agreement with Israel on two small land
areas along the border between the two countries. Under the
agreement, Israel would have the right to, among other
things, private land ownership.
The Israeli embassy in the capital Amman resumed
operations during the year. It was closed last year after an
Israeli security guard killed two Jordanians in July 2017.
Israel has officially apologized and promised judicial
review of the incident.
A tragic accident happened in October when a school bus
with children between the ages of 11 and 14 was swept away
in a flood near the Dead Sea. 20 people were killed, most
In November, at least eleven people died after a severe
storm caused storm surges in several locations in the
country. At least 3,700 tourists were evacuated from the
ruins of Petra.
The remains of a 14,500-year-old pita bread were found in
July at an ancient fireplace in northeastern Jordan. Now the
researchers are wondering if it was that man started baking
bread long before developing agriculture and that it was
perhaps the bread baking that caused man to start growing
and not the other way around.