Mongolia. In January, EU finance ministers decided to
remove Mongolia from its black list of tax havens, countries
that do not cooperate in the EU's fight against tax fraud.
This was important for Mongolia, which does not want to lose
Countryaah.com, the famous Mongolian wild horse, called Przewalski's
horse, is not wild, claims scientists in the journal Science
in February. A new genetic study has shown that the
Przewalski horses are derived from the earliest known
domesticated horses that were kept in present-day Kazakhstan
some 5,500 years ago.
This year's winter became unbearably severe in Mongolia.
In March, it was reported that more than 700,000 livestock
animals have succumbed since the beginning of the year down
to 58 minus degrees. A cattle dealer described how he saw
horses freeze to death standing. However, an even harsher
winter eight years earlier has led to a number of measures
to alleviate the effects of the severe cold.
In September, Mongolia participated in the huge Russian
military exercise Vostok-2018, which included about 300,000
soldiers and about 36,000 military vehicles and was held in
eastern Siberia. Mongolia and China were invited to
participate in the exercise as its size near their borders
could otherwise be perceived as a threat.
The Ministry of Education ordered all the country's
schools to stop this year's Halloween celebration, which was
previously popular in English education. The ban was
motivated by the fact that Halloween is a Western invention
that threatens Mongolian Buddhist traditions and that
parents complained about the phenomenon.
President Chaltmaagijn Battulga, who won the election the
year before with populist messages, traveled in the spring
in all the provinces of the country, listened to people's
complaints and sought support in his conflict with the
ruling Mongolian People's Party that dominates parliament.
In the fall, the president threatened with hunger strike to
pressure Parliament to dissolve itself. According to
Battulga, the economic needs of the elected people did not
However, the country's GDP grew by just over 6% in the
first half of the year, mainly due to increased commodity
prices and increased demand for coal from China.
Plans were presented on a railway from the large coal
mine Tavan Tolgoi to China, which will be completed in 2021.
By then, 30 million tonnes of coal will be exported to
China. Tavan Tolgoi is the world's largest unused coking
coal reserve, which is estimated to contain over 7 billion