Nepal. When all the votes from last year's parliamentary
elections were counted - and an indirect election to the
parliament's upper house was held - the election results
were determined in February. It showed that the alliance
between Nepal's Communist Party (UML) and Nepal's Communist
Party CPN-MC received a total of 174 of the 275 seats of the
Federal Parliament. Of the seats, 121 went to UML and 53 to
CPN-MC. The opposition party Nepali Congress (NC) received
Countryaah.com, the result meant that the Left Alliance - UML and CPN-MC
- had a sufficient number of mandates in total to form a
In February, UML's party chairman KP Sharma Oli was
appointed prime minister.
Shortly after, the Left Alliance formed a coalition
government called the Nepal Communist Party.
According to analysts, the Olis alliance was closer to
China than the Nepalese Congress, which was closer to India.
Both India and China are competing for economic influence in
the poor neighboring Nepal.
In March, Bidhya Devi Bhandari was re-elected for a new
term of five years.
In the same month, 49 passengers were killed when a plane
crashed in connection with the landing at Kathmandu Airport.
The plane had flown from Bangladesh's capital Dhaka and was
of the type Bombardier Dash 8 Q400, according to TT news
At a meeting between Oli and India's Prime Minister
Narendra Modi in India's capital New Delhi in April, the
countries entered into an agreement to expand railways and
waterways in Nepal. Among other things, the railways on
Nepal's plains landscape in the south would be expanded to
In June, Oli visited China's Prime Minister Li Keqiang in
Beijing. During the meeting, the leaders agreed to build a
rail link between Kathmandu and Shigatse in Tibet. The
investment was one of several Chinese investments announced
in connection with the meeting. For example, efforts in
hydropower, cement factories and fruit cultivation would be
made in Nepal. In addition, Li Keqiang wanted to start
negotiations on a free trade agreement with Nepal.
Kathmandu, Kantipur, Nepal's capital and largest city; 990,000 inbound
(2010); throughout the metropolitan area, including also includes the cities of
Patan and Bhaktapur, live approximately 2.5 million The town is situated at an
altitude of 1300 m by the rivers Baghmatis and Vishnumati's confluence in the
large, densely populated Kathmandudal. In addition to all government and state
functions, the city has most of Nepal's carpet manufacturing industry as the
main industry as well as the country's only international airport. It has many
historical and cultural attractions. The old town center around Durbar Square
has several both Hindu and Buddhist temples in addition to the old royal palace,
which now functions both as a temple and partly as a museum. The temple area was
severely damaged by a severe earthquake on April 25, 2015. West of the Old Town
is a smaller, modern business district and the new Royal Palace from 1970. The
city's university, Tribhuvan University, was founded in 1959.
Just outside the city, on the Baghmati river bank, lies Pashupathinath, an
important Hindu pilgrimage site. To the west and north are the Buddhist stupa
Svayambhunath and Boudhanath, both with significant Tibetan exile communities.
Kathmandu was previously considered an adventurous and appealing "Shangri
La". However, severe air pollution, unplanned construction, poorly developed
infrastructure and other problems associated with the city's major growth have
affected its reputation as a tourist city. The city also has problems with
providing water to the population, especially in the spring months before the
summer monsoon rains. The city's population is estimated to have increased by
approximately 50% in the period 2001-10.
The Kathmandu Valley (Nepal Valley) also houses the neighboring villages of
Patan (Lalitpur) and Bhaktapur as well as many smaller towns and villages. The
climate is humid subtropical and the area is intensively cultivated. The ancient
trade routes between Tibet and India passed through the valley, and it early
became an important religious and cultural center. The original population,
newari, remained in 300-800-t. ruled by the Licchavid dynasty with the capital
of Gokarna NE of modern Kathmandu. During the subsequent Mallad dynasty, the
three kingdoms of the valley were created, Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. In
1769, they were conquered by the cucumber king Prithvi Narayan Shah (1723-75),
who brought Nepal together and made Kathmandu the capital.
Seven monuments in the valley have been included on the UNESCO World Heritage
list : the three Durbar Squares in Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, the Buddhist
stupa Svayambhunath and Boudhanath, as well as the Hindu temples Pashupathinath
and Changu Narayan. However, the status of the monuments is under threat due to
planned construction in their vicinity. Many temples were completely destroyed
during the April 2015 earthquake.