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Nepal

Yearbook 2018

Nepal. When all the votes from last year's parliamentary elections were counted - and an indirect election to the parliament's upper house was held - the election results were determined in February. It showed that the alliance between Nepal's Communist Party (UML) and Nepal's Communist Party CPN-MC received a total of 174 of the 275 seats of the Federal Parliament. Of the seats, 121 went to UML and 53 to CPN-MC. The opposition party Nepali Congress (NC) received 63 seats.

2018 Nepal

According to Countryaah.com, the result meant that the Left Alliance - UML and CPN-MC - had a sufficient number of mandates in total to form a majority government.

In February, UML's party chairman KP Sharma Oli was appointed prime minister.

Shortly after, the Left Alliance formed a coalition government called the Nepal Communist Party.

According to analysts, the Olis alliance was closer to China than the Nepalese Congress, which was closer to India. Both India and China are competing for economic influence in the poor neighboring Nepal.

In March, Bidhya Devi Bhandari was re-elected for a new term of five years.

In the same month, 49 passengers were killed when a plane crashed in connection with the landing at Kathmandu Airport. The plane had flown from Bangladesh's capital Dhaka and was of the type Bombardier Dash 8 Q400, according to TT news agency.

At a meeting between Oli and India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi in India's capital New Delhi in April, the countries entered into an agreement to expand railways and waterways in Nepal. Among other things, the railways on Nepal's plains landscape in the south would be expanded to reach Kathmandu.

In June, Oli visited China's Prime Minister Li Keqiang in Beijing. During the meeting, the leaders agreed to build a rail link between Kathmandu and Shigatse in Tibet. The investment was one of several Chinese investments announced in connection with the meeting. For example, efforts in hydropower, cement factories and fruit cultivation would be made in Nepal. In addition, Li Keqiang wanted to start negotiations on a free trade agreement with Nepal.

Kathmandu

Kathmandu, Kantipur, Nepal's capital and largest city; 990,000 inbound (2010); throughout the metropolitan area, including also includes the cities of Patan and Bhaktapur, live approximately 2.5 million The town is situated at an altitude of 1300 m by the rivers Baghmatis and Vishnumati's confluence in the large, densely populated Kathmandudal. In addition to all government and state functions, the city has most of Nepal's carpet manufacturing industry as the main industry as well as the country's only international airport. It has many historical and cultural attractions. The old town center around Durbar Square has several both Hindu and Buddhist temples in addition to the old royal palace, which now functions both as a temple and partly as a museum. The temple area was severely damaged by a severe earthquake on April 25, 2015. West of the Old Town is a smaller, modern business district and the new Royal Palace from 1970. The city's university, Tribhuvan University, was founded in 1959.

Just outside the city, on the Baghmati river bank, lies Pashupathinath, an important Hindu pilgrimage site. To the west and north are the Buddhist stupa Svayambhunath and Boudhanath, both with significant Tibetan exile communities.

Kathmandu was previously considered an adventurous and appealing "Shangri La". However, severe air pollution, unplanned construction, poorly developed infrastructure and other problems associated with the city's major growth have affected its reputation as a tourist city. The city also has problems with providing water to the population, especially in the spring months before the summer monsoon rains. The city's population is estimated to have increased by approximately 50% in the period 2001-10.

Kathmandu Valley

The Kathmandu Valley (Nepal Valley) also houses the neighboring villages of Patan (Lalitpur) and Bhaktapur as well as many smaller towns and villages. The climate is humid subtropical and the area is intensively cultivated. The ancient trade routes between Tibet and India passed through the valley, and it early became an important religious and cultural center. The original population, newari, remained in 300-800-t. ruled by the Licchavid dynasty with the capital of Gokarna NE of modern Kathmandu. During the subsequent Mallad dynasty, the three kingdoms of the valley were created, Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. In 1769, they were conquered by the cucumber king Prithvi Narayan Shah (1723-75), who brought Nepal together and made Kathmandu the capital.

Seven monuments in the valley have been included on the UNESCO World Heritage list : the three Durbar Squares in Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, the Buddhist stupa Svayambhunath and Boudhanath, as well as the Hindu temples Pashupathinath and Changu Narayan. However, the status of the monuments is under threat due to planned construction in their vicinity. Many temples were completely destroyed during the April 2015 earthquake.

 

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