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Yearbook 2018

Netherlands. According to, the Dutch crash investigation into the launch of the aircraft MH17 over Ukraine in 2014 announced in May that the Russian Federation bears responsibility and will "be held accountable for its role". The statement came from the Dutch Parliament after the investigation found that the robot that hit the aircraft could be linked to the Russian Federation.

2018 Netherlands

In October it was announced that Russian computer hackers attacked the anti-nuclear weapons organization OPCW headquarters in The Hague. It involved four agents from the Russian military intelligence service GRU. The attack had been made to get information about the downed aircraft MH17 in Ukraine in 2014. The agents were taken in bargain at the Marriott hotel, which is next to OPCW's headquarters, and was expelled immediately.

The turmoil with Turkey continued during the year. It started when the Netherlands stopped Turks from campaigning for the Turkish referendum on the Constitution. In February, the Netherlands officially withdrew its ambassador to Turkey. Turkey had then prevented the country's ambassador from entering the country for over a year. In addition, they announced that they will not allow any new Turkish ambassador to the Netherlands. They simply pressed the pause button in the conversation with Turkey on the issue.

In order to further fuel the turmoil with Turkey, Parliament voted overwhelmingly in a motion that the Armenian massacre of the old Ottoman Empire in 1915 should be recognized as genocide. However, according to Foreign Minister Sigrid Kaag, the government will not follow Parliament's decision. Of course, the result of the vote was condemned by Turkey.

In June, Parliament's first chamber voted for a ban on wearing face-covering veils, such as burka, in public buildings in the country. This means a ban in schools, hospitals and government buildings and includes motorcycle helmets but does not apply to streets and squares.

In August, the feminist organization De Bovengrondse set up alternative street signs named after women, among them British mathematician Ada Lovelace and Dutch women's rights activist Marie Anne Tellegen. One of Amsterdam's main streets, Rokin, was given the alternative name Beyoncé Boulevard. According to reports, only 12% of the streets in the big cities of the Netherlands are named after women.

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