Nigeria. The violence spiral continued during the year,
not least in northeastern Nigeria. The Islamist movement
Boko Haram was blamed for a series of attacks on cities and
markets, military convoys and military missions. At least 15
attacks against military missiles were reported during the
year. In November, more than 40 soldiers - some of whom
reportedly killed more than 100 - were killed in an attack
against a relocation in Metele, Borno. The figure is among
the highest since President Muhammadu Buhari took office in
2015. Buhari visited the state a few days later and promised
to provide the military with modern weapons and tried to
instill courage in the soldiers.
Countryaah.com, the violence indicated that the Islamists were not
defeated, even though the government had taken back areas
previously controlled by Boko Haram. Suicide attacks
continued. For example, at least 50 people were killed in
May when an explosive charge was triggered at a mosque in
the city of Mubi in the state of Adamawa. Several cases of
schoolgirl mass shootings were also reported.
Some deeds were attributed to the Islamic State of West
Africa, an outbreak group from Boko Haram. The group is
alleged to have killed two midwives who worked for the
International Red Cross Committee in northeastern Nigeria.
Nigeria was promised to buy twelve fighter aircraft from
the United States since Buhari met US President Donald Trump
in the White House in April. Earlier, the United States had
opposed the sale, citing concerns that Nigeria was violating
Buhari, who was appointed to lead the ECOWAS regional
cooperation organization in July, received French President
Emmanuel Macron, British Prime Minister Theresa May and
German Chancellor Angela Merkel during the year. Economic
initiatives, migration and security were addressed. Britain
and Nigeria signed squad training agreements.
Lethal clashes in several states between livestock and
agricultural communities, competing for ever-scarce land and
water resources, were another serious challenge for both the
Buhara government and state governments. Between January and
June, at least 1,300 people were killed in states such as
Benue, Nasarawa and Plateau, while 300,000 were fleeing, the
International Crisis Group reported.
Security is expected to become a theme in the 2019
presidential and parliamentary elections. Buhari was
nominated for a new term by the Progressive Congress (APC).
His pair horse becomes Vice President Yemi Osinbajo. The
main opponent will be the businessman Atiku Abubakar, who
won the primary election in the People's Democratic Party
(PDP). Abubakar has been Vice President three times and
supported Buhari's campaign in 2015. Party changes are not
Some 40 members of both federal parliament's chambers
have jumped by the APC. Among these were the Senate
President returning to the PDP.
Men make up the majority of the 30 presidential
candidates. An exception is Oby Ezekwesili. She has been
Education Minister and Vice President of the World Bank, but
is perhaps best known for leading a campaign to release more
than 270 school girls who Boko Haram kidnapped in 2014 in
the city of Chibok. Unlike Buhari and Abubakar, however, she
does not have the support of a nationwide party apparatus.
In August, NBS reported that GDP grew by 1.5% in the
second quarter, a slowdown compared to the first quarter.
This was attributed to lower oil production. In order to
stimulate the economy, the government proposed in its budget
continued investments in roads, railways, ports and
In March, Nigeria signed off on a free trade agreement,
AfCFTA, which was concluded between 44 African countries.
The Buhari government felt that more time was needed to
anchor the agreement at home, not least following criticism
from trade unions.