Northern Macedonia (until 2019 Macedonia). At the
referendum in September on Macedonia's change of name to
Northern Macedonia, the jas side won. According to
Countryaah.com, over 90% said yes to
the change of name, but voter participation did not even
reach up to 40%, so critics claimed that the result could
not be considered valid. Despite this, a few weeks later the
country's parliament approved a change in its constitution
which means that it is now possible to change its name to
the Republic of Northern Macedonia. The name change ever
since Macedonia was formed in 1991 has been a stumbling
block and a requirement from Greece to approve its neighbor
in the north to apply for membership in the EU and NATO.
Prior to that, Macedonia, for example, had decided to
rename, for example, Alexander the Great's airport in the
capital Skopje and Alexander the Great's highway, which goes
to Greece and will now be called Friendship Road. Everything
to please the Greeks - Alexander the Great was, after all,
the great ruler of the Greeks in the ancient Greek kingdom
of Macedonia in the 300s BC. Macedonia is also today the
name of a Greek region.
Other names, besides the victorious Republic of Northern
Macedonia, which were discussed were New Macedonia, Upper
Macedonia and Ilinden Macedonia (a reference to the
Macedonian uprising against the Ottoman Empire in 1903).
Former Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, who resigned in
2016, was granted asylum in Hungary in November, where he
had moved since it became clear that his corruption
conviction at two years in prison had been determined.
Opposition party VMRO-DPMNE's assets frozen; several in
management are investigated for corruption crimes. This is
illegal financing worth € 4.9 million in 2009-2015.
Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia on the river Vardar; 506,900
(2002), most Macedonians, but there is a growing Albanian and a Turkish
minority. In addition, there are some Gypsies and immigrant Serbs.
On the eastern river bank lies the old town with, among other things. a large
marketplace, while a new district with modern businesses, institutions, among
others. the University of 1949, wide streets and green areas are on the other
side of the river. Skopje has chemical, steel, cement, glass, textile, machinery
and tobacco industries. As the seat of the Macedonian Orthodox Metropolitan and
the Roman Catholic Bishop, the city has many churches, including the church
Sveti Spas (1600-1700-t.) and the church of Andreas Monastery (1389). After the
Ottoman conquest, the city gained an oriental feel with, among other things,
Mustafa Pasha Mosque (1492).
Skopje has been destroyed several times by earthquakes and fires; On July 26,
1963, the city was hit by a violent earthquake, destroying 85% of homes, killing
1070 people and injuring thousands. The city was rebuilt in modern style by a
large-scale international relief effort.
Immediately west of the present city was in ancient times the Illyrian city
of Scupi, as in 300 AD. became Roman provincial capital. After an earthquake in
518, it was moved to its current location. It was inhabited by Slavic people in
the 700th century. and became Serbian in 1189. The city was conquered by the
Ottomans in 1392. In 1912 it came to Serbia, and in 1945 Skopje became the
capital of the Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
In 1998 there were widespread demonstrations in Skopje in support of the
Kosovo Albanians, and in the wake of the 1999 war on Kosovo, there was an armed
clash between Albanian separatists and Macedonian police and military in 2001.
in Skopje. After the clashes, the city is still characterized by contradictions
between the Macedonians and the Albanian minority.