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Northern Macedonia

Yearbook 2018

Northern Macedonia (until 2019 Macedonia). At the referendum in September on Macedonia's change of name to Northern Macedonia, the jas side won. According to Countryaah.com, over 90% said yes to the change of name, but voter participation did not even reach up to 40%, so critics claimed that the result could not be considered valid. Despite this, a few weeks later the country's parliament approved a change in its constitution which means that it is now possible to change its name to the Republic of Northern Macedonia. The name change ever since Macedonia was formed in 1991 has been a stumbling block and a requirement from Greece to approve its neighbor in the north to apply for membership in the EU and NATO.

2018 Northern Macedonia

Prior to that, Macedonia, for example, had decided to rename, for example, Alexander the Great's airport in the capital Skopje and Alexander the Great's highway, which goes to Greece and will now be called Friendship Road. Everything to please the Greeks - Alexander the Great was, after all, the great ruler of the Greeks in the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia in the 300s BC. Macedonia is also today the name of a Greek region.

Other names, besides the victorious Republic of Northern Macedonia, which were discussed were New Macedonia, Upper Macedonia and Ilinden Macedonia (a reference to the Macedonian uprising against the Ottoman Empire in 1903).

Former Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, who resigned in 2016, was granted asylum in Hungary in November, where he had moved since it became clear that his corruption conviction at two years in prison had been determined. Opposition party VMRO-DPMNE's assets frozen; several in management are investigated for corruption crimes. This is illegal financing worth € 4.9 million in 2009-2015.

Skopje

Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia on the river Vardar; 506,900 (2002), most Macedonians, but there is a growing Albanian and a Turkish minority. In addition, there are some Gypsies and immigrant Serbs.

On the eastern river bank lies the old town with, among other things. a large marketplace, while a new district with modern businesses, institutions, among others. the University of 1949, wide streets and green areas are on the other side of the river. Skopje has chemical, steel, cement, glass, textile, machinery and tobacco industries. As the seat of the Macedonian Orthodox Metropolitan and the Roman Catholic Bishop, the city has many churches, including the church Sveti Spas (1600-1700-t.) and the church of Andreas Monastery (1389). After the Ottoman conquest, the city gained an oriental feel with, among other things, Mustafa Pasha Mosque (1492).

Skopje has been destroyed several times by earthquakes and fires; On July 26, 1963, the city was hit by a violent earthquake, destroying 85% of homes, killing 1070 people and injuring thousands. The city was rebuilt in modern style by a large-scale international relief effort.

Immediately west of the present city was in ancient times the Illyrian city of Scupi, as in 300 AD. became Roman provincial capital. After an earthquake in 518, it was moved to its current location. It was inhabited by Slavic people in the 700th century. and became Serbian in 1189. The city was conquered by the Ottomans in 1392. In 1912 it came to Serbia, and in 1945 Skopje became the capital of the Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

In 1998 there were widespread demonstrations in Skopje in support of the Kosovo Albanians, and in the wake of the 1999 war on Kosovo, there was an armed clash between Albanian separatists and Macedonian police and military in 2001. in Skopje. After the clashes, the city is still characterized by contradictions between the Macedonians and the Albanian minority.

 

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