Oman. According to
Countryaah.com, the number of foreign nationals decreased during
the year; Despite this, the two million foreign passports
make up 44% of the population.
Oman ended up on the UNESCO World Heritage list during
the year. In July, Qalhat, an ancient city with remnants of
trade with India, China and Southeast Asia, was named.
When DJ star Tim "Avicii" Bergling was found dead in
April in the capital Muskat, the country's police announced
that they did not suspect any crime and that they knew what
had happened but did not want to comment on it all anymore.
Also in August 2014, the government passed a new
citizenship law, which came into force in February 2015. It
allowed authorities to deprive the nation's citizens of
their citizenship if they were supposed to belong to a group
of views that would "undermine Oman's interests". The
government was thus given a tool to arbitrarily deprive
citizenship and throw its critics out of the country.
In 2015, Oman underwent the UN Human Rights Council's
periodic review (UPR). The country accepted some
recommendations but rejected others. Among other things: the
abolition of the death penalty, freedom of speech and
freedom of assembly.
In January 2016, the country agreed to accept 10
prisoners from the US Guantanamo concentration camp. All
In March 2016, the UN Committee on the Rights of the
Child recommended that Oman cease its harassment of the
human rights activists involved in children's rights and
allowed women to pass on their citizenship to their children
on an equal footing with men.
Also in March, archaeologists off the island of Al
Hallaniyah identified the wreckage of the ship Esmeralda
from Vasco da Gama's voyage in 1502-03.
Denmark is actively supporting the suppression of human
rights in Oman. In 2016-17, Dagbladet Information could
reveal that the Danish Ministry of Business had granted
export authorization for advanced monitoring equipment from
the Nørresundby company BAE Systems Applied Intelligence.
The permit was for exports to the dictatorial states of
Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman, UAE, Morocco and Algeria. The
advanced electronic equipment was used to monitor and
persecute journalists, human rights activists and
oppositionists. Even before the Arab Spring of 2011, BAE's
predecessor, ETI, had provided monitoring equipment to the
Ben Ali dictatorship in Tunisia. (Theme series on Danish
exports of monitoring technology, Information
Danish technology found good use. The regime continued
its campaign against journalists and bloggers. Dozens of
them were brought in for questioning and exposed to threats.
In 2016, at least eight were sentenced to prison sentences
on weak charges. The regime followed both the print and
electronic media. In August 2016, authorities closed the
daily Azamn and put the editor-in-chief and two of
its journalists to court after it published a series of
articles on alleged corruption in government and the
judiciary. Editor-in-chief Ibrahim al-Ma'mari was charged
with 4 matters, news editor Zaher al-'Abri was charged with
1 ratio and Yousef al-Haj was charged with 6. Subsequently,
the intelligence agency arrested another journalist, Hamoud
al-Shukaily, who on Facebook criticized the arrest
and charges against Azamn the reporters. In
December, an appeals court overturned the closing of the
newspaper, acquitted Zaher al-'Abri and reduced the sentence
of 3 years' unconditional imprisonment the two other
journalists had been sentenced to.
The United States and Britain continued their substantial
financial assistance to the regime. Among other things. so
that it could continue to buy weapons from these countries.