Pakistan. Another child abuse raged in the district of
Kasur at the beginning of the year. It was in January that
seven-year-old girl Zainab Ansari was found buried on a
dump. She was the twelfth child in two years who was
brutally raped and murdered within a radius of 2 kilometers.
The case caused great upheaval throughout Pakistan and
especially in the Punjab province where Kasur is located.
Parents in the area feared that a serial rapist would go
loose and thousands of people walked the streets to protest
the authorities' inaction. Police stations were surrounded
and politicians' homes were set on fire, according to TT
Later that month, a 24-year-old man was arrested for the
offense. After the 24-year-old's DNA was linked to the
victim, he was sentenced to death in February. The man
confessed to the murder and seven other child abuse cases,
of which he had murdered five.
Countryaah.com, several terrorist attacks targeted both schools and
police and the military hit Pakistan in the spring and
summer. Among other things, at least eleven soldiers were
killed in a suicide attack in Swatdalen in February, and in
March a police detention in Lahore was exposed to a bombing
when at least seven people were killed.
The security situation worsened especially before the
upcoming parliamentary elections on 25 July. With barely two
weeks left until Election Day, Pakistan was shaken by one of
the deadliest attacks in the country's history. The attack
was carried out at an election meeting held by the
Baluchistan Awami Party (BAP) in Mastung district in
southwestern Pakistan. At least 149 people died and over 180
were injured. Behind the act was the terrorist group Islamic
State (IS), according to the group's own news channel Amaq.
Among the victims were BAP leader Siraj Raisani.
At the same time, the parties Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal
(MMA) and Awami National Party (ANP) were hit by fatal
attacks. In one attack, MMA party leader Akram Khan Durrani
and at least three other people died. In the second,
directed at the ANP's Peshawar election, 20 people died.
Among them the party's leading candidate Haroon Bilour.
To improve security during Election Day, the military
deployed around 370,000 soldiers in the country.
Nevertheless, an explosive charge was detonated at a polling
station in the city of Quetta and at least 24 people died.
Nevertheless, the elections were described as historic as it
was the third time in a row that Pakistan conducted
democratic elections. However, turnout was only 50%.
Winning did Pakistan's Justice for Justice (PTI), which
received 116 out of 272 seats. The major loser of the
election was the former ruling party Pakistan's Muslim
Confederation Nawaz (PML-N), which received 64 seats
compared to 129 in the 2013 election. The Pakistani People's
Party (PPI) received 43 seats. According to analysts, the
much worse result for PML-N was due to the fact that the
party's electoral movement was weakened by the judges
against its leaders and the country's former prime minister
Nawaz Sharif, who last year was forced to resign after
allegations of corruption.
In February, the Supreme Court (HD) decided that Sharif
would resign - even as chairman of her party PML-N. Then his
brother Shahbaz Sharif was appointed new party leader.
Yet another decision in HD in April, Nawaz Sharif banned
from engaging in politics for the rest of his life. As the
crown of the work, Sharif was sentenced just before the
election to 10 years in prison for corruption by an
anti-corruption court. Sharif himself claimed that he was
subjected to a conspiracy. For example, he suggested in a
newspaper interview that the country's military wanted to
dismiss him for trying to stop its support for anti-Indian
The electoral movement received criticism from several
directions. Among other things, EU election observers stated
that "some parties" had been "disadvantaged". Both
journalists and political candidates claimed that the
military was trying to influence the electoral process in
order to favor PTI candidate Imran Khan. When the election
results were determined, PML-N and about ten other parties
merged with demands for new elections. Despite the protests,
in August PTI leader Imran Khan was elected new prime
minister after a majority of parliament voted for him.
In September, Arif Alvi was elected new president by an
assembly of parliament and the country's four provincial
parliaments. That same month, the United States decided for
the second time during the year to freeze aid money to
Pakistan. The first time was in January. In total, the
United States raised $ 555 million in pledged support money.
The US stated that the reason was that Pakistan did not
fully support the US strategies to fight terrorism. Analysts
warned the US of the risks of losing influence in Pakistan,
when the void would be filled by China. Pakistan and China
have been approaching each other in recent years and China
has invested US $ 60 billion in infrastructure projects in
Pakistan linked to China's new silk road.
During a visit to Saudi Arabia in September, Prime
Minister Imran Khan invited Saudi Arabia to become the third
partner in China's energy and infrastructure project in
Pakistan - the so-called Chinese Pakistan Economic Corridor
(CPEC). Pakistan's foreign debt to China has grown rapidly
and the prime minister was expected to seek support from the
Saudis to secure funding for several projects related to
Among other things, Saudi Arabia was offered to make
investments in a new oil refinery at a planned deep water
port in Gwadar in the southern part of Baluchistan province.
The port is located on the Arabian Sea and, according to
news agency Reuters China, is the crown jewel when it is
considered the gateway to the Middle East export market.
After a Saudi delegation visited Gwadar in October,
Pakistan's oil ministers announced that Saudi Arabia had
agreed to make investments in the port.
After Nawaz Sharif appealed in July against the
Anti-Corruption Court's decision on imprisonment for 10
years, he was sentenced in December to seven years in
prison. However, Sharif stated that the verdict would be