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Yearbook 2018

Peru. The corruption scandals resolved each other during the year and in a referendum on December 9, an overwhelming majority of voters voted for three of four proposals submitted to resolve the issues. According to the approved proposals, congressmen will be prevented from direct re-election, the rules for financing election campaigns will be tightened and the Commission for Election of Judges will be reformed. According to, President Martín Vizcarra acknowledged that the referendum will not change everything but claimed that it was an important step in the right direction.

2018 Peru

It was mainly the Odebrecht scandal that was behind the initiative for the referendum. The Brazilian construction company Odebrecht is accused of having paid a total of $ 800 million to politicians and officials in recent years, which has led to four former presidents being investigated by prosecutors. At the end of March, President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski was forced to resign for the same reason, the day before Congress would have initiated a judicial process against him. His popularity figures were disastrously low as he also pardoned former President Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000) for the support of his son Kenji Fujimori ahead of the first congressional referendum in December.

Kuczynski was replaced at the presidential post by his Vice President Martín Vizcarra, who immediately declared that he would launch a crusade against corruption, leading to his popularity rising by 16% in just one month. Four months later, however, Justice Minister Salvador Heresi and a senior judge were forced to resign after audio recordings revealed their involvement in the Odebrecht scandal. Finally, in October, opposition leader Keiko Fujimori was sentenced to three years in house arrest for illegally receiving $ 1.2 million during the 2011 presidential campaign. In January, Pope Francis visited Peru and his question to the country's bishops was the same as many Peruvians posed is it happening in Peru where every time a president leaves office he is put in jail? "

The regional and municipal elections on October 7 confirmed the image of voters' deep mistrust of the established parties. The big exception was the capital Lima, where the Public Action (AP) won the mayor post through Jorge Muñoz. Fujimori's People's Force (FP) made a disaster choice; the party lost all three of its previous regions and did not win in a single electoral district in Lima. In several regions, it was local political parties that won and made clear the great difference between national and local politics in Peru.

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