Sudan. According to
Countryaah.com, Sudan struggled with a continuing economic crisis
in 2018. The country's currency fell 85% against the US
dollar and inflation was close to 70% in September.
The ruling National Congress Party (NCP) nominated
President Omar al-Bashir as its presidential candidate in
the same month in 2020, despite the fact that the
Constitution only allows two terms of office. al-Bashir was
re-elected in 2015. Just before the NCP congress, the
government was reformed. Moutaz Moussa was named new prime
minister and also got the post of finance minister. In
October, the Sudanese pound was devalued and fell closer to
the black market. Moussa talked about releasing the exchange
rate. Among other things, it has recommended the
International Monetary Fund.
Sudan's hopes of being removed from a list of countries
that the United States believes are devoted to
state-sponsored terrorism rose at the end of the year. The
US Foreign Ministry announced that Khartoum was cooperating.
A decision is required for Sudan to be able to raise
international loans again.
At the beginning of the year, security forces turned down
protests in, among other things, Khartoum aimed at sharply
increased bread prices since government subsidies on flour
declined. The protests flared up again around December 19.
Claims were also made that al-Bashir would resign. For five
days, 37 people were killed in various cities according to
the human rights group Amnesty International. The government
stated that 19 were killed. The UN and the EU called for
The government announced in May that Sudan lacked fuel
reserves. Saudi Arabia later promised to sell oil at a
bargain price for five years. The Minister of Oil will be
replaced in April. Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour was
also allowed to go. One reason is believed to have been that
Ghandour talked about how wages for diplomats and embassy
rents lagged for months.
Sudan tried to drive the peace process in neighboring
South Sudan and in June signed an agreement to monitor oil
facilities in northern South Sudan. Sudan receives important
revenue through transit fees on South Sudan's oil exports.
In July, the government extended a unilateral ceasefire
in the Blue Nile and South Kurdufan provinces and said it
was willing to allow relief. The split was within the rebel
movement SPLM-North (Sudanese people's liberation movement).
In July, the UN Security Council decided to halve its
peacekeeping operation in Darfur. The UNAMID joint force
established by the UN and the African Union (AU) would be
reduced to around 4,000 soldiers in June 2019. Violence has
generally subsided in Darfur, but just over 2 million people
are still on the run.