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Yearbook 2018

Sudan. According to, Sudan struggled with a continuing economic crisis in 2018. The country's currency fell 85% against the US dollar and inflation was close to 70% in September.

2018 Sudan

The ruling National Congress Party (NCP) nominated President Omar al-Bashir as its presidential candidate in the same month in 2020, despite the fact that the Constitution only allows two terms of office. al-Bashir was re-elected in 2015. Just before the NCP congress, the government was reformed. Moutaz Moussa was named new prime minister and also got the post of finance minister. In October, the Sudanese pound was devalued and fell closer to the black market. Moussa talked about releasing the exchange rate. Among other things, it has recommended the International Monetary Fund.

Sudan's hopes of being removed from a list of countries that the United States believes are devoted to state-sponsored terrorism rose at the end of the year. The US Foreign Ministry announced that Khartoum was cooperating. A decision is required for Sudan to be able to raise international loans again.

At the beginning of the year, security forces turned down protests in, among other things, Khartoum aimed at sharply increased bread prices since government subsidies on flour declined. The protests flared up again around December 19. Claims were also made that al-Bashir would resign. For five days, 37 people were killed in various cities according to the human rights group Amnesty International. The government stated that 19 were killed. The UN and the EU called for restraint.

The government announced in May that Sudan lacked fuel reserves. Saudi Arabia later promised to sell oil at a bargain price for five years. The Minister of Oil will be replaced in April. Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour was also allowed to go. One reason is believed to have been that Ghandour talked about how wages for diplomats and embassy rents lagged for months.

Sudan tried to drive the peace process in neighboring South Sudan and in June signed an agreement to monitor oil facilities in northern South Sudan. Sudan receives important revenue through transit fees on South Sudan's oil exports.

In July, the government extended a unilateral ceasefire in the Blue Nile and South Kurdufan provinces and said it was willing to allow relief. The split was within the rebel movement SPLM-North (Sudanese people's liberation movement).

In July, the UN Security Council decided to halve its peacekeeping operation in Darfur. The UNAMID joint force established by the UN and the African Union (AU) would be reduced to around 4,000 soldiers in June 2019. Violence has generally subsided in Darfur, but just over 2 million people are still on the run.

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