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UK. The Brexit agreement that Prime Minister Theresa May negotiated with the EU during the year was clear in its first draft in November. On November 14, the government had approved it and now only an endorsement was passed by Parliament, which would vote on it in December. At the last moment, however, the prime minister postponed the vote to be carried out by January 21, 2019. And it is high time: March 29, the UK is expected to leave the EU, with or without an agreement. Thus, even at the end of the year, Britain had no exit agreement. With us into 2019, there was only one crippling political 2018 behind them - all energy had been put into the Brexit negotiations.

2018 United KingdomThe 585-page agreement was approved by the EU on 25 November. This means that the UK will remain in a customs union with the EU for a transitional period until 31 December 2020 - a period that can be extended if necessary - and that Northern Ireland should be subject to rules that apply to the EU internal market until a settlement is completed. But for the rest of the Kingdom, the EEA Agreement on the EU internal market does not apply, as it does for example to Norway (which is not a member of the EU). The exit agreement also regulates the rights of the 3 million EU citizens currently living in the country.

2018 United Kingdom

According to, May's major problems during the year were not only opposition (Labor is opposed to the Brexit agreement and would like to see a new referendum). It was also grunted in its own ranks. Several departures from the ministry followed the approval of the agreement. In November, the very same Brexit minister Dominic Raab resigned, after only a few months on the post, because he could not accept the agreement. He was replaced by Health Minister Stephen Barclay. Raab's departure was followed by, among others, Labor and Pensions Minister Esther McVeys (who said the agreement does not "honor the outcome of the referendum"), second Brexit minister Suella Braverman's and other Northern Ireland minister Shailesh Varas. The disagreement within their own ranks led to the Tory Party requesting a vote of no confidence in December. May managed by a wide margin - 63% of MPs voted to give her continued confidence. But the result was a clear indication that nothing has been won yet. Theresa May said after the vote that she will not stand for re-election in 2022.

Another problem concerns the referendum itself on leaving the EU in 2016. Opinion polls in November showed that 55% of respondents want a new referendum and that 54% would then have voted to stay in the EU. A possible scenario if Parliament votes against May's exit agreement could therefore be a new referendum. However, the Prime Minister believes that this would damage the confidence of the British people and give democracy "irreparable damage".

A third problem for Prime Minister May is that the EU will not agree to any renegotiation of the Brexit agreement. The message from the EU was clear in December: “We have an agreement on the table. We will not renegotiate. " In short, this means that Theresa May was at the end of the year in a fox scissors - and what if the parliament in January 2019 votes no?

In June, after many trips, Parliament approved the so-called exit law, which will allow the country to leave the EU. It was approved by Queen Elizabeth and replaces a 1972 law which stated that the country was a member of the EU. According to the letter, the country will leave the EU on March 29, 2019 at 23:00 local time.

In July, Brexit Minister David Davis and Foreign Minister Boris Johnson resigned as they no longer support Prime Minister May's proposals in the Brexit negotiations, including the proposal for a continued but limited customs union with the EU. According to Johnson, this would give Britain "colonial status" in relation to the EU. They were replaced by Deputy Home Minister Dominic Raab, who became a new Brexit minister, and Health Minister Jeremy Hunt, who became Foreign Minister.

Following a nervous gas attack in Salisbury against former Russian double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter Julia in early March, Britain expelled 23 Russian diplomats. It was also decided that no British royals or ministers would visit the football World Cup in the Russian Federation during the summer. The Russians, who denied involvement in the nerve gas attack, responded by expelling 23 British diplomats, some 50 more employees at the Moscow embassy. The consulate in Saint Petersburg and the British Council in Moscow were forced to close. Julia Skripal was able to be discharged from hospital in April, and the state of Sergei Skripal announced the same month is no longer critical. In December, unconfirmed sources announced that the 23 Russian diplomats would return to the UK in January 2019,

At the May elections, things went better than feared for Theresa May's Tory Party - despite the loss of 35 councilors (councilors) and the loss of power in two councils; it is now governed in 46 municipalities. Labor did not really achieve the success they had hoped for. It won 79 new seats and, as before, had power in 74 municipalities. The Liberal Democrats went ahead with 75 new seats and gained power in nine municipalities. It went worse for UKIP, which was given only three terms; In 2014, the right-wing populist and Brexit-friendly party received 126. The percentage of votes was evenly distributed between Tory and Labor - 35% each.

In May, royal wedding acid prevailed. On May 19, 33-year-old Prince Harry marries 36-year-old American Meghan Markle in St. John's. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. Queen Elizabeth announced that the bridal couple will be titled Duke and Duchess of Sussex and that Prince Harry will be Count of Dumbarton and Lord Kilkeel.

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