Yemen. Since 2014, Yemen has been plagued by a bloody
conflict between Iranian-backed Shiite Hire rebels and
President Abd Rabbuh Mansur al-Hadi's forces, which is being
helped by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, among
In a summary of the events in Yemen, the UN panel of
experts stated at the beginning of the year: "After almost
three years of conflict, Yemen has virtually ceased to exist
as a state." It was also noted that "instead of a single
state, there are warring ministries, and no single party has
the political support or military strength to reunite the
country or achieve victory on the battlefield." Amnesty
International's annual report for 2017 was also bleak,
calling the Yemen conflict "the world's worst humanitarian
crisis". According to
Countryaah.com, the head of the UN's humanitarian efforts said in
February that more than 22 million people were in need of
In November, UN statistics were presented showing that
more than 85,000 Yemeni children have died of starvation
since 2015. The same month, 14 million people were said to
be starving as a result of the war, and in a statement from
the United Nations World Food Program (WFP)) found that ※the
hunger crisis in Yemen is the most serious in the world.
Millions of people are living on the verge of starvation and
the situation is getting worse every day. § According to
UNICEF, a Yemeni child dies every ten minutes due to illness
In addition, during the year, the conflict and civilian
suffering were escalated by an offensive and blockade
against the important port city of al-Hudayda, which is the
only lifeline for the people living under the Huthi rebels,
and thousands of people were forced to flee the city.
However, a brightening came at the end of the year when it
was decided to hold UN-led Yemen talks in Stockholm in
December, at the same time as the US Senate decided to start
phasing out US support for the Saudi-led alliance.
Possibly the peace plan for Yemen that UN Special Envoy
Martin Griffiths produced in June could be the basis for the
Yemeni talks in Sweden in December. According to this peace
plan, the Huthirebels would give up their ballistic robots
in exchange for the Saudi-led coalition ending its bombers.
Yemen would then eventually have a transitional government
where "political groups should be adequately represented".
Perhaps the most important decisions taken during these
conversations, which took place at Johannesberg Castle
outside Rimbo, were prisoner exchanges and an armistice in
the port city of al-Hudayda.