Yemen. Since 2014, Yemen has been plagued by a bloody
conflict between Iranian-backed Shiite Hire rebels and
President Abd Rabbuh Mansur al-Hadi's forces, which is being
helped by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, among
In a summary of the events in Yemen, the UN panel of
experts stated at the beginning of the year: "After almost
three years of conflict, Yemen has virtually ceased to exist
as a state." It was also noted that "instead of a single
state, there are warring ministries, and no single party has
the political support or military strength to reunite the
country or achieve victory on the battlefield." Amnesty
International's annual report for 2017 was also bleak,
calling the Yemen conflict "the world's worst humanitarian
crisis". According to
Countryaah.com, the head of the UN's humanitarian efforts said in
February that more than 22 million people were in need of
In November, UN statistics were presented showing that
more than 85,000 Yemeni children have died of starvation
since 2015. The same month, 14 million people were said to
be starving as a result of the war, and in a statement from
the United Nations World Food Program (WFP)) found that ※the
hunger crisis in Yemen is the most serious in the world.
Millions of people are living on the verge of starvation and
the situation is getting worse every day. § According to
UNICEF, a Yemeni child dies every ten minutes due to illness
In addition, during the year, the conflict and civilian
suffering were escalated by an offensive and blockade
against the important port city of al-Hudayda, which is the
only lifeline for the people living under the Huthi rebels,
and thousands of people were forced to flee the city.
However, a brightening came at the end of the year when it
was decided to hold UN-led Yemen talks in Stockholm in
December, at the same time as the US Senate decided to start
phasing out US support for the Saudi-led alliance.
Possibly the peace plan for Yemen that UN Special Envoy
Martin Griffiths produced in June could be the basis for the
Yemeni talks in Sweden in December. According to this peace
plan, the Huthirebels would give up their ballistic robots
in exchange for the Saudi-led coalition ending its bombers.
Yemen would then eventually have a transitional government
where "political groups should be adequately represented".
Perhaps the most important decisions taken during these
conversations, which took place at Johannesberg Castle
outside Rimbo, were prisoner exchanges and an armistice in
the port city of al-Hudayda.
Yemen - Sana
Sana, Ṣana˙āū, capital of Yemen; 1. 9 million residents (2012). Sana
is a regional trading center with cotton spinning and textile industry as well
as a university (founded in 1970) and an Islamic university. The city also has
an international airport and connects to al-Hudayda through a modern all-weather
Cityscape and architecture
Sana is one of the architecturally strangest and most interesting cities in
the Islamic world. The city was probably founded in the second millennium BC.
and belonged to the kingdom of Sheba. The name Sana is Sabaean and means "well
fortified". In pre-Islamic times, the legendary palace Ghumdan was built in
Sana. However, the period has been incompletely explored and no excavations have
yet been made where the palace is believed to have been.
The city was Islamized under the Persian governor Badhan who turned to Islam
628. Already during Muhammad's life, one of the oldest mosques in the Islamic
world was built in the gardens of Ghumdan. The mosque has been rebuilt in recent
centuries and today has a classic shape with square circular courtyard with deep
arcades and a hypostyle prayer hall in five ships.
The old town of Sana is surrounded by a partially demolished city wall and is
today separated from the newer neighborhoods by a dried-up riverbed. In the
center of the old town ( medina ) lies the large marketplace ( suq
) surrounded by centuries-old caravans ( samsara ), which were often
built on several floors around an open courtyard. From the suq, business streets
branch with open workshops and small shops. Most striking, however, is Medina's
vast residential neighborhoods with up to nine floors of high-rise residential
buildings. The oldest preserved houses are from the 18th century, but the type
of building can be documented to pre-Christian times and in its present form has
The houses, which are built along narrow streets, form a unique architectural
whole. The building material is generally stone in the ground floor and in the
upper floors sun-dried brick and clay. The houses are decorated with a powerful
white painted decor, especially around windows and other architecturally
accentuated lots. The windows have in the past been covered by thin sheets of
alabaster, which today are often replaced by colored glass. In the family houses
there is a strict division of floors from storage and storage in the lowest
floors, family rooms ( divan ) and kitchens in the upper floors to the
men's meeting room ( mafraj ) in the top floor of the house.
Common gardens ( waqf ) are often located between the densely built
residential neighborhoods for household vegetable crops.
SANA's old city center has been declared by UNESCO to belong to the World
Cultural Heritage. However, the difficulties in preserving the city center are
great, especially regarding maintenance, sewerage and communications. In
addition, it is threatened with decay when residents leave the old family homes
to relocate to the new districts, and the preservation requires major
international efforts in cooperation with the Yemeni authorities.