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Yearbook 2018

2018 ZimbabweZimbabwe. In January, President Emmerson Mnangagwa announced the July presidential and parliamentary elections. Mnangagwa, who became party leader in ZANU-PF in November 2017 after Robert Mugabe's resignation and shortly thereafter became president, promised fair elections and that he would accept any loss.

In mid-February, the leader of the country's largest opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), Morgan Tsvangirai passed away in cancer. The former union leader was for several years the one who seriously challenged Robert Mugabe for power. To Tsvangirai's successor, the party appointed Nelson Chamisa, minister of information, communications and technology in the unifying government formed after the 2009 election. Chamisa was also launched as the party's candidate in the upcoming presidential election.

In June, a hand grenade burst at one of ZANU-PF's meetings. According to, President Mnangagwa was present but escaped unharmed. However, two other people were killed and close to 50 were injured. Mnangagwa pointed out Generation 40 (G40), that is, followers of Grace Mugabe, who is married to Robert Mugabe. Those included in the informal group G40 supported Grace Mugabe in her ambition to succeed her husband as president, plans that were shattered when the military forced Mugabe away in favor of Mnangagwa.

2018 Zimbabwe

In the first round of presidential elections in July, Emmerson Mnangagwa received 50.8% of the vote, which meant there was no second round. Chamisa received 44.3%. ZANU-PF received 145 of the 210 electoral seats in the National Assembly and 35 of 60 electoral seats in the Senate. The corresponding figures for MDC were 63 and 24. respectively, Chamisa and MDC accused the government of electoral fraud. During the protests that erupted in the capital Harare, the military shot dead six people. Chamisa appealed against the election results and, pending the outcome, the ceremony was canceled when Mnangagwa would temporarily suspend the presidential election. An unanimous Supreme Court rejected Chamisa's request that the election be annulled and Mnangagwa could take up his first term as president.

In October, a great deal of concern among the country's residents spread over the economic situation. The fear of a collapse caused people to hoard food and gasoline. The government called for calm and guaranteed that all necessary goods, including fuel, would remain available.

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