Zimbabwe. In January, President Emmerson Mnangagwa
announced the July presidential and parliamentary elections.
Mnangagwa, who became party leader in ZANU-PF in November
2017 after Robert Mugabe's resignation and shortly
thereafter became president, promised fair elections and
that he would accept any loss.
In mid-February, the leader of the country's largest
opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC),
Morgan Tsvangirai passed away in cancer. The former union
leader was for several years the one who seriously
challenged Robert Mugabe for power. To Tsvangirai's
successor, the party appointed Nelson Chamisa, minister of
information, communications and technology in the unifying
government formed after the 2009 election. Chamisa was also
launched as the party's candidate in the upcoming
In June, a hand grenade burst at one of ZANU-PF's
meetings. According to
Countryaah.com, President Mnangagwa was present but escaped
unharmed. However, two other people were killed and close to
50 were injured. Mnangagwa pointed out Generation 40 (G40),
that is, followers of Grace Mugabe, who is married to Robert
Mugabe. Those included in the informal group G40 supported
Grace Mugabe in her ambition to succeed her husband as
president, plans that were shattered when the military
forced Mugabe away in favor of Mnangagwa.
In the first round of presidential elections in July,
Emmerson Mnangagwa received 50.8% of the vote, which meant
there was no second round. Chamisa received 44.3%. ZANU-PF
received 145 of the 210 electoral seats in the National
Assembly and 35 of 60 electoral seats in the Senate. The
corresponding figures for MDC were 63 and 24. respectively,
Chamisa and MDC accused the government of electoral fraud.
During the protests that erupted in the capital Harare, the
military shot dead six people. Chamisa appealed against the
election results and, pending the outcome, the ceremony was
canceled when Mnangagwa would temporarily suspend the
presidential election. An unanimous Supreme Court rejected
Chamisa's request that the election be annulled and
Mnangagwa could take up his first term as president.
In October, a great deal of concern among the country's
residents spread over the economic situation. The fear of a
collapse caused people to hoard food and gasoline. The
government called for calm and guaranteed that all necessary
goods, including fuel, would remain available.
Harare, formerly Salisbury, Zimbabwe's capital and largest city; 1.6 million
residents (2009), to which are added 365,000 respectively. 152,000 in the
satellite towns of Chitungwiza and Epworth. The town is situated at a height of
1500 m and has a pleasant climate. Harare's development is in every way a
product of the colonial era and its European settlers, and it now has the
character of a modern metropolis. Already in 1899 it got a rail link to the port
city of Beira, and today there are good traffic connections to all of Zimbabwe
and to neighboring countries.
The city center, where the busy streets are perpendicular to each other, is
characterized by business and administration; newer high-rise buildings and
modern skyscrapers of all styles blend with low-rise buildings from the early
1900's. There are also street vendors and street children. The northern suburbs
were previously reserved for the white population and contained large villas in
park-like gardens. The populous districts south and west of the city are very
densely built; here, much of the immigration from rural areas is absorbed.
However, Harare has very little actual slum, and many open, green areas, along
with numerous jacaranda and other flowering trees, contribute to what the city
is rightly called The Garden City.
Harare has a significant and versatile industry in Africa, among other
things. with the processing of agricultural products (cotton and food). The
companies are predominantly located in large industrial districts against SV,
where you will also find the world's largest tobacco auctions.
The city was founded in 1890 by the British South Africa Company and named
after the then British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury. It became the capital of
the Southern Rhodesia colony in 1923 and in the independent Zimbabwe of 1980.
After 1998, the city developed into a stronghold of opposition to the government
of Robert Mugabe. In the election to the City Council in 2002, MDC (Movement for
Democratic Change) received over 80% of the vote. In May 2005, the government
destroyed large slums around the city, leading to unrest and international
criticism. The critics felt that the purpose was to weaken MDC's support before
the parliamentary elections later this year.