In 2018, Botswana had a population of approximately 2.3 million people. The economy is largely based on services, mining and tourism. English is the official language although other languages such as Setswana are also spoken. According to extrareference, Botswana is a presidential republic with an executive branch headed by the President who is elected for a five-year term. The legislative branch consists of a bicameral parliament (the National Assembly). In terms of foreign relations, Botswana maintains diplomatic ties with over 80 countries around the world and has close ties with its neighbors in Africa such as Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. The government also works closely with international organizations such as the United Nations, African Union (AU), World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Trade Organization (WTO) and Southern African Development Community (SADC).
Botswana. According to Countryaah.com, Gaborone is the capital city of Botswana, a country located in Southern Africa. Botswana’s maize harvest became very poor after a few years of severe drought. At the same time, some parts of the country were affected by abnormal rainfall with floods. According to the authorities, climate change has made the rain unpredictable, and many farmers consider it unprofitable to prepare the land and so its maize. The government appropriated close to SEK 800 million to remedy the grain shortage and support farmers in crisis.
- According to Abbreviationfinder: BWA is an three letter acronym for Botswana.
There was debate during the year about threats to the elephant tribe in Botswana, the country in Africa that was considered safest for elephants. President Ian Khama accused US Donald Trump of encouraging elephant hunting by lifting a ban on importing wild trophies into the US, including elephant grazing.
In April, Khama resigned and was succeeded by Vice President Mokgweetsi Masisi. He decided that game keepers would no longer carry military weapons in action against poachers. Several casualties had been claimed when Namibians and Zimbabweans in the border areas were mistaken for poachers. But critics said that disarmament enabled increased poaching.
In September, the organization Elephants Without Borders stated that they found about 90 elephants killed, a sharp increase from previous years. According to the government, the figure was exaggerated.
In June, Parliament decided to revise the ban on hunting wild game, as farmers in the wild northwest receive their harvests destroyed by elephant herds. Botswana’s elephant strain is estimated by game keepers to be around 130,000 animals, but according to the government, the figure may be close to 230,000.
Botswana got its youngest minister so far this year when 30-year-old Bogolo Joy Kenewendo was appointed Minister of Trade and Industry. She has founded a leadership program for women, inspired by a forum for young African women in which Michelle Obama participated.
The dominant diamond industry fell back in the first half of the year, and unemployment was high, officially 20% among young people. Assessors considered the actual figure to be higher.
President Masisi visited Beijing in September and was promised multi-billion-dollar loans and assistance to Botswana for the construction of railways and other infrastructure. Chinese companies, mainly state-owned, are intensively active in road construction and dam construction, and more in Botswana. The loans are expected to finance new railways from central Botswana to the tourist center in the northwest and to a bridge across the Zambezi River into Zambia.
Botswana’s birth rates are declining faster than in almost every other country in the world. New figures show that Botswana women on average give birth to 2.68 children, compared to seven children half a century ago.
British protectorate since 1885 under the name of Bechuanaland, long sought after by neighboring South Africa, the Botswana obtained internal self-government in 1965 and independence within the Commonwealth in 1966. An uninterrupted democratically elected civil leadership, together with the economic growth driven by exports of mineral products, has favored the stability of the country. The liberal-oriented Botswana Democratic Party has won all elections since 1965. Its founder (1962), Seretse Khama, leader of the independence movement, held the presidency of the Republic from 1966 until his death in 1980, when he was replaced. by JK Quett Masire (reconfirmed in 1984, 1989 and 1994). After the presidency of F. Mogae (1998-2008), that of I. Khama began, re-elected after the legislative elections held in October 2014 and won by the Botswana Democratic Party, which won 37 of the 57 seats in the National Assembly . In April 2018, Khama resigned from the presidential office, succeeding Vice President M. Masisi, elected for a second term in the presidential elections held in October 2019.
With a moderately pro-western orientation, in 1980 the Botswana established the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (Southern African Development Community since 1992), a regional body aimed at promoting economic integration and cooperation between member countries.