In 2018, Croatia had a population of approximately 4 million people. The economy is largely based on services, which accounts for nearly 70% of the GDP. Tourism is a major industry, and exports such as machinery, transport equipment, chemicals and textiles are also important exports. Croatian is the official language although other languages such as German, Hungarian and Italian are also spoken. According to extrareference, Croatia is a parliamentary republic with an executive branch headed by the President who is elected for a five year term. The legislative branch consists of a bicameral parliament (the Croatian Parliament). In terms of foreign relations, Croatia maintains diplomatic ties with over 100 countries around the world and has close ties with its neighbors in Central Europe such as Slovenia, Hungary and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The government also works closely with international organizations such as the United Nations, European Union (EU), World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Trade Organization (WTO) and Council of Europe (CoE).
Croatia. According to Countryaah.com, Zagreb is the capital city of Croatia, a country located in Southern Europe. Croatia is one of the countries that the European Commission considers to have major economic imbalances that should be addressed. Given that the country is now keen to see a connection to the euro zone, Bloomberg News Agency warns that the three countries that want it, Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia, are in sharp contrast to other richer countries in Eastern Europe, such as Slovenia and Slovakia.
- According to Abbreviationfinder: HRV is an three letter acronym for Croatia.
In March, Croatian prosecutors announced that 22 Croatian Serbs have been prosecuted for war crimes during the war in the Balkans in the early 1990s. The defendants are suspected of killing 20 civilians and two police officers in eastern Croatia in September 1991. The suspects were part of a paramilitary group during the 1991-95 war.
Since the announcement by the Croatian Prime Minister Andrej Plenković in March that the so-called Istanbul Convention (Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention and Control of Violence against Women and Domestic Violence) is to be ratified, demonstrates conservatives in the country. It was objected that a passage in the convention distinguishes between gender, social gender, and biological gender. It was believed that the convention is ideologically designed and that it undermines traditional family values: marriage can only be entered into between man and woman. Especially in Croatia, where 90% of the population is Catholic. However, an opinion poll showed that two-thirds of the population want the convention to be Croatian law. Earlier in March, Macedonia as the 29th country had ratified the convention, but in February both Slovakia and Bulgaria had chosen not to do so.
Croatian football star Luka Modrić was appointed by FIFA in September as this year’s football player. This, among other things, since the Croatian football team took the silver medal at the World Cup in football. Earlier in the year, in early March, however, he came in legal winds because he had lied in connection with a lawsuit against Dinamo Zagreb’s former club manager Zdravko Mamić. He was charged with embezzling large sums of money in connection with the sale of Luka Modrić to Tottenham in 2008. Modrić is now charged with manslaughter and risking five years in prison.
Croatia – Zagreb
Zagreb [Swedish pronunciation so: ʹgrɛb, Croatian pronunciation za: ʹgrɛb], formerly also Agram (German), Hungarian Zágráb, capital of Croatia; 694,000 residents (2012). Zagreb is located on the river Sava, about 25 km from the border with Slovenia. It is the country’s leading industrial city with, among other things, engineering, metal, textile and food industries as well as the electrical, electronic, pharmaceutical and chemical industries. The latter is based on local deposits of oil and natural gas. Here are universities (founded in 1669), colleges and scientific institutions as well as museums and national theater. Zagreb’s role as a trading center is manifested through several international fairs. An international festival for animated films is also organized here every two years. The city is also an important hub for rail and road traffic. Pleso International Airport is located 17 km southeast of the city center.
Public buildings include the Neo-Gothic Cathedral, the oldest of which dates back to the 13th century, and the Baroque-style Bishop’s Palace, both in the Kaptol district, and the National Theater of the New Baroque in Donji Grad.
On the site there were several settlements from the 600s. During the 11th century, two separate cities emerged: Kaptol, where a Catholic bishop’s seat was established in 1093, and Gric – renamed Gradec (‘The Fortress’) since the resort was fortified after Mongol ravages 1241–42 – which developed into a Hungarian sanctuary. The two cities first grew together in the mid-19th century to Gornij Grad (‘Upper Town’), after which the settlement expanded with the relatively right-angled Donji Grad (‘Lower Town’). Kaptol and Gradec were incorporated in the Habsburg Empire in 1527; by the middle of the century, the collective term Zagreb began to be used. Zagreb was the capital of the Kingdom of Croatia in 1718–1918 (in alliance with Hungary) and 1918–92 (with the exception of the Second World War) capital of the Yugoslav Republic of Croatia.