Cyprus 2018

Yearbook 2018

Cyprus. According to, Nicosia is the capital city of Cyprus, a country located in Western Asia. The presidential election in early February was not unexpectedly won by incumbent Conservative President Nicos Anastasiades. With 56% of the votes to Anastasiades, left challenger Stavros Malas was forced to see the battle lost. The central electoral issue was the 44-year division of the country, in a Greek-dominated southern part and a Turkish-supported part in the north. Since the UN-led talks on a united island went unnoticed in the summer of 2017, President Anastasiades has promised that new talks with Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akıncı would start. However, left-wing leader Malas believes that the incumbent president has not done enough to unify the island. But in November, the opportunities for further talks increased, when for the first time in eight years two new border crossings between the Greek Cypriot and the Turkish Cypriot parts were opened.

Cyprus Nicosia Tourist Attractions 2

During the winter, resistant intestinal bacteria were detected in poultry from Cyprus. It is a type of resistance to antibiotics called ESBL carba. Of the EU countries, Cyprus is at the top with 453.4 milligrams of antibiotics per kilo of animals before Spain and Italy, which are 362.5 and 294.8 milligrams respectively. By comparison, Sweden has 12.1 milligrams of antibiotics per kilo of animals.

Cyprus also suffered refugee tragedies in the Mediterranean during the year. At least 19 people drowned in July since a crowded boat with refugees capsized north of Cyprus. According to Turkish Cypriot security forces, more than 100 people could be rescued.

At this year’s Eurovision Song Contest, Cyprus and Eleni Foureira came in second place with the song “Fuego”.

Country data

Area: 5365 km2 (world rank: 165)

Residents: 853,000

Population density: 159 per km2 (status 2017, world rank: 159)

Capital: Lefkosía / Lefkosa (Nicosia)

Official languages: Greek, Turkish

Gross domestic product: 19.2 billion euros; Real growth: 3.9%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): US $ 23,719

Currency: Turkish Lira (TL)


Kurfürstendamm 182.10707 Berlin
Telephone 030 3086830,
Fax 030 27591454

Staats – and head of government: Nikos Anastasiadis, exterior: Nikos Christodoulidis

National holiday: 1.10. (Independence Day)

Administrative divisions
6 circles

Form of Government
Constitution of 1960
presidential republic (the Commonwealth)
Parliament (Vouli ton Antiprosópon / Temsilciler Meclisi) with 80 Member. (56 for Greek Cypriots, 24 to Turkish Cypriots), elections every 5 years
Fastfinder Head of state every 5 years. Right to
vote from 18 years.

Population: Cypriots, last census 2011: 856,857 residents (without TRNC) Proportion of foreigners 2017: 16.4%

Cities (with population): (2011) Lefkosa 61,378 residents, Gazimagusa / Ammóchostos (Famagusta) 40,920 pop., Girne / Kyrenia 33,207, Güzelyurt / Morphou 18,946, Gönyeli / Kioneli 17,277

Religions: (without TRNC) 89% Orthodox, 3% Catholics, 2% Protestants, 2% Muslims, 1% Buddhists and others (as of 2006)

Languages: (with TRNC) 80% Greek, 20% Turkish; English; Recognized minority languages: Armenian, Cypriot Arabic

Employed by economic sector: Agriculture. 4%, industry 17%, business 79% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 11.1%

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 0.7%

Foreign trade: import: 8.0 billion euros (2017); Export: 2.9 billion euros (2017)


There is a Mediterranean climate with mild, humid winter weather (the lowest daily average temperature is 5 ° C) and hot, dry summers (with maximum daily average temperatures of 36 ° C). Cyprus offers an average of 320 warm and sunny days per year. The rivers only carry water in winter.

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