Gambia 2018

The population of Gambia in 2018 was estimated to be around 2.2 million people. The majority of the population is comprised of people of African descent with a smaller percentage of other ethnicities. The economy is largely reliant on exports, manufacturing, and services such as fishing and tourism. Foreign relations remain strong with Gambia’s neighbors in West Africa as well as other countries in Europe and beyond. According to extrareference, Gambia has been a presidential republic since 1970. In 2018, President Adama Barrow was re-elected for a second consecutive term after winning 57% of the popular vote in presidential elections held that year.

Gambia is a West African state; it consists of a strip of territory, included in Senegal, which extends for about 350 km (with a maximum width of 50-60 km) along the two banks of the lower course and the estuary of the Gambia river.

Physical characteristics

The physical structure of the region is very simple: formed in a recent geological period (Tertiary), it has an overall flat morphology, with extensive Quaternary alluvial coverings; modest reliefs (maximum height less than 500 m), in the internal part, are a prelude to the Fouta Djalon massif. The short coastal strip is bordered to the North by rocks and islets, while to the South it becomes more united, low and sandy.

The climate is tropical Sudanese type, with a dry season (November-May) and monsoon rainfall, which reaches a maximum of 1500 mm per year in the western section of the country, concentrated in a period of 50-60 days between July and October. The hydrography is obviously centered on the Gambia river, which receives some tributaries (not always perennial course) and flows in a dense tunnel forest, the main essence of which is represented by the palm of the genus Borassus, while along the banks there is no lack of associations of aquatic plants (mangroves). In the other parts of the territory the savannah dominates, sometimes with trees. From the faunal point of view, the fluvial environment makes the presence of crocodiles and insects particularly numerous.

Yearbook 2018

The Gambia. In January, the police temporarily imposed a ban on political meetings. The reason was clashes between supporters of deposed dictator Yahya Jammeh’s party the Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Reconstruction (APRC) and people supporting the United Democratic Party (UDP), led by current President Adama Barrow. The ban was lifted at the end of the month. The unrest preceded the local elections held in April and which was a great success for the UDP, which got 62 out of 120 seats in the country’s eight local councils.

In January, Equatorial Guinea’s dictatorial president Teodoro Obiang Nguema announced that he will not extradite Yahya Jammeh, who has taken refuge in the country. According to Nguema, it would discourage other African leaders from giving up power if they cannot feel safe if, like Jammeh, they go into exile to avoid being brought to justice in their home country. The same month two former generals were arrested when they returned to their home country.

According to, Banjul is the capital city of Gambia, a country located in Western Africa. The two officers accompanied Yahya Jammeh as he left the Gambia. The generals were accused of deserting and facing martial law in April.

Gambia Banjul Tourist Attractions 2

In June, five jets and 30 luxury cars belonging to President Jammeh were sold. According to the government, the revenue would go to education. In October, a new Truth, Reconciliation and Repair Commission (TRRC) began investigating abuses committed under Jammeh’s 23-year rule.

In February, Gambia again joined the Commonwealth, an organization that left the country during Jammeh’s time in power. In March, Gambia was one of a total of 44 countries that signed an agreement to lead to an African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The Gambian economy had, according to a forecast coming in July, gained momentum thanks to larger harvests and growing trade and tourism. However, foreign debt remained high and, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), amounted to 130% of GDP in 2017.


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