The population of Iran in 2018 was estimated to be around 83 million people. The majority of the population is comprised of people of various ethnicities including Persian, Azerbaijani, and Kurdish. The economy is largely reliant on exports such as oil and gas, manufacturing, services such as tourism and banking, and agriculture. Foreign relations remain strong with Iran’s neighbors in the Middle East as well as other countries in Europe and beyond. According to extrareference, Iran has been an Islamic republic since 1979. In 2018, President Hassan Rouhani was re-elected for a second consecutive term after his party won 57% of the popular vote in presidential elections held that year.
Iran. According to Countryaah.com, Tehran is the capital city of Iran, a country located in Western Asia. The nuclear deal with Iran overshadowed everything else during the year – despite the well-publicized protests that continued into the new year but declined rapidly.
What began as demonstrations against rising prices for food, fuel and general economic difficulties soon turned into a dissatisfaction with the Islamic regime. Despite warnings from President Hassan Rohani, protests and clashes between police and protesters continued, not only in the capital Tehran but also in Izeh, Droud and Najafabad, among others. To curb the protests, several social media sites were blocked on the Internet, including Instagram. A total of about 20 people were killed during the protests and 450 have been arrested according to authorities; According to other sources, as many as 3,700 were arrested. A few days into the new year, the authorities announced that the protests were over and that the US intelligence service CIA had been behind the uprising. But unlike the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which was orchestrated by the United States.
- According to Abbreviationfinder: IRN is an three letter acronym for Iran.
According to an analysis, not only the reformist middle class should have supported these protests but also the working class, which traditionally stands behind the country’s powerful religious leaders, but who now see themselves failing in a stagnant economy.
In connection with the January demonstrations, several Iranian women took off their veils in protest of a law that forces them to cover their hair. However, most women were released shortly after the arrests, but at the end of January, a woman in Tehran was arrested and sent to prison with a bail total of more than SEK 850,000. The court ruled that she was guilty of “moral decay”, sentenced her to two years in prison, of which almost the entire sentence was later converted to psychiatric care. Since the 1979 revolution, it is forbidden for women in Iran to be outdoors without covering their hair.
Already at the beginning of the year, the problems with the country’s nuclear energy agreement began. In January, the Iranian leadership announced that it was considering ending cooperation with the United Nations Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), as the United States does not comply with its commitments under the International Nuclear Program (JCPOA). That agreement was concluded in 2015 and promised Iran sanctions relief if Iran failed to enrich uranium to 20% or more. US President Donald Trump has on several occasions threatened to revoke the agreement, which for the United States must be renewed every 90 days. In April, Iran warned the United States that it would resume enrichment of uranium if the United States was withdrawn from the nuclear agreement. You would also start enriching “much faster” than before. The play came after Trump said he wanted to make changes to the deal before May 12. USA: s allies in Europe were expected to agree to the US requirements, but this did not happen. “The agreement works, it delivers on the main objective, which is to keep Iran’s nuclear program under control,” said EU Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini.
When, after many trips, Donald Trump finally announced on May 8 that the United States was leaving the agreement, it turned out that, as Iranian President Rohani said in a speech, “the agreement now applies between Iran and five countries,” that is, EU countries Britain, France and Germany and the Russian Federation and China. Shortly thereafter, the UN Atomic Energy Agency also announced that Iran is still complying with the terms set by the 2015 Nuclear Energy Agreement.
In August, the United States imposed sanctions on Iran, and at the same time urged/threatened the outside world to follow the American example. In November, the announcement came that the US would reintroduce all sanctions removed after the 2015 nuclear deal. However, both France, Germany and the UK and the EU condemned in a joint statement the US message and pledged to protect European companies that have “legitimate” business interests in Iran.
In October, Denmark called home its ambassador from Iran because of “illegal activities”. It happened after the Danish intelligence service announced that the Iranian security service was planning an attack on exile Iranians in Denmark. It was these illegal activities that led to the large police intervention at the end of September when, among other things, the Öresund Bridge had to be shut down.
In December, dissident Vahid Sayadi Nasiri died in a prison in Qom after starving for two months. He was imprisoned in 2018 for his posts on social media, officially classified as hostile propaganda and insulting the country’s highest religious leaders.
One third of the world’s saffron is produced in the Iranian city of Torbat-e Heydariyeh, and in total it accounts for about 90% of world production. But Iran has never been honored to be called the home of the saffron. You would like to change this, perhaps especially because food is not included in the US sanctions list.