Kiev, Ukraine Culture
Kiev. Capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north-central part of the country on the banks of the Dnieper River. Kiev is an important industrial, scientific, educational and cultural center of Eastern Europe. It is home to many high- techindustries, institutions of higher education, and historic tourist attractions. The city has extensive infrastructure and a highly developed public transport system, including the Kiev Metro.
According to THERELIGIONFAQS, Kiev was the historical cultural center of the Eastern Slavic civilization and an important base for the Christianization of the Kiev Rus’, maintained for centuries its cultural importance and even in times of relative decline, it remains the center of Eastern Orthodox Christianity of primary importance. Its holy sites, including the Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Monastery of the Caves) and the Saint Sophia Cathedral are probably the most famous, attracting pilgrims for centuries and recognized as World Heritage of UNESCO remain the main religious centers and a major tourist attraction. The aforementioned sites are also part of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine collection.
The theaters in Kiev are: the Kiev Opera House, the Ivan Franko National Academic Drama Theater, the Lesya Ukrainka Russian National Academic Drama Theater, the Kiev Puppet Theater, the October Palace, the National Philharmonic from Ukraine and others. In 1946 there were four halls in Kiev, an opera and a concert hall. However, most of the tickets were assigned to privileged groups.
Other important cultural centers are the Dovzhenko Film studios, and the Kiev Circus. The most important of the many museums in the city are the Kiev State Historical Museum, the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, the National Museum of Art, the Museum of Western and Oriental Art, the Pinchuk Art Center and the National Museum of Russian art.
Kiev hosted the 50th Annual Eurovision Song Contest in 2005, as a result of Ruslana’s victory in 2004.
There are numerous songs, paintings, photographs dedicated to the city. Among them there is an extensive sample in Russian, Ukrainian and Polish folklore, and a little less known in German and Jewish.
Kiev is home to some 40 museums. In 2009, a total of 4.3 million visits were registered.
The Museum of the Great Patriotic War is a memorial complex of the Great Patriotic War located in the hills on the right bank of the Dnieper River in Pechersk.
The museum has been moved twice before ending up in its current location, where it was solemnly opened on May 9, , Victory Day, by then Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. The 21 of June of 1996, a museum was awarded its current status as a national museum by a special decree signed by Leonid Kuchma, the President of Ukraine. It is one of the largest museums in Ukraine with more than 300,000 exhibits, and is centered around the 62-meter Statue of the Fatherland, which has become one of the city’s best-known landmarks. The museum has been visited by more than 21 million visitors.
The memorial complex covers the 10-hectare area on the hill, overlooking the Dnieper River. This contains the giant container of “The Flame of Glory”, a site with military equipment from World War II, and the “Avenue of Hero Cities”. One of the museums also displays the weaponry used by the Soviet army after World War II. The sculptures on the avenue depict the valiant defense of the Soviet border from the 1941 German invasion, the terror of the Nazi occupation, partisan struggle, dedicated work on the home front, and the 1943 Battle of Dnieper.
The Kiev Fortress made up of 19th century buildings located in the Ukrainian capital Kiev, which once belonged to the Russian fortresses to the west. These structures (once united as a complex) were built in the neighborhoods and neighborhoods of Pechersk by the Russian army. Some of the buildings were restored and turned into a museum called the Kiev Fortress, while others are in use by various military and commercial facilities.
The National Art Museum of Ukraine is a museum dedicated to Ukrainian art. Originally called the Museum of Antiquities and Art of the City of Kiev, the founders set out to assemble a collection of representative pieces of Ukrainian art. These range from medieval icons to portraits of military and church leaders in Cossack times, some of the cartoons depicting Mamay. Works include those of Taras Shevchenko, Ilya Repin Yefimovich, Borovikovsky Vladimir, Vasily Andreevich Tropinin, Pimonenko Mykola, Mikhail Vrubel, Nikolai Ge, and Murashko Oleksandr. The museum has continued to expand its collection. Some new additions include a unique relief of the icon of Saint George and the works of the Kiev-born international pioneer of geometric abstract art, Kazimir Malevich.
The current exhibition includes more than 20 thousand pieces. Among many works by the constructivists Yermilov, Vasiliy, and cube-futurist Bogomazov Alexander. The Ukrainian side is represented by works by artists such as David Burliuk, Aleksandra Ekster, Vadim Meller, Red’ko Kliment, Nikritin Salomon, Victor Palmov, Maria Sinyakova, Boichuk Mikhail and Mykola Pymonenko.
The Golden Gate is a historic entrance in the walls of the ancient city. The name Zoloti Vorota is also used for a nearby theater and a Kiev Metro station. This gate was one of three built by Yaroslav the Wise, prince of Kiev, in the second half of the 11th century. It was modeled on the Golden Gate of Constantinople, from which it took its name. In 1240 it was partially destroyed by Batu Khan’s Golden Crowd. It remained as a city gate (often used for ceremonies) through the 18th century, although it gradually fell into ruin. In 1832, the ruins were excavated and an initial survey for their conservation was carried out. Other works in the 1970s added an adjacent pavilion, which houses a door museum. In the museum you can learn the history of the construction of the Golden Gate, as well as ancient Kiev. In 1982, the entrance was totally rebuilt for the 1500th anniversary of Kiev, although there is no solid evidence as to what the original doors looked like. In 1989, with the expansion of the Kiev Metro, the Zoloti Vorota station was opened nearby to serve as a brand. What makes it unique is that its architectural ensemble relies heavily on the interior decoration of the old Ruthenian churches.
The small National Museum of Ukraine Chernobyl acts as a monument and historical center dedicated to the events surrounding the 1986 Chernobyl disaster and its effect on the Ukrainian people, the environment, and subsequent attitudes towards energy safety. nuclear as a whole.
Kiev has many professional and amateur football clubs, including Dynamo Kyiv, Arsenal Kyiv and FC Obolon Kyiv that play in the Ukrainian Premier League. Other less prominent clubs in the city include: the Sokil hockey club and the BC basketball club.
During the 1980 Summer Olympics, held in the Soviet Union, the preliminary and quarter-final matches of the football tournament were held in Kiev in its Olympic stadium, which was rebuilt especially for the event. From December 1, 2008 a large-scale reconstruction for UEFA Euro 2012 began at the stadium, therefore it does not accept any public events until it is finished. Other notable sports stadiums and sports complexes in Kiev include the Lobanovsky Dynamo Stadium, the Palace of Sports, among many others.
Kiev is home to many universities, the main ones being the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kiev, the National Technical University, the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, and the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy. The total number of higher education institutions in Kiev is close to 200, which allows young people to pursue any line of study. While traditional education remains largely state-owned, there are several accredited private institutions in the city.
There are about 530 general secondary schools and 680 kindergartens and kindergartens in Kiev. In addition, there are night schools for adults, and specialized technical schools. Scientific research is carried out in many of the institutes of higher education and also in many research institutes affiliated with the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and several of the ministries of Ukraine. Kiev is also known for its research in medicine and computer science.
There are many libraries in the city with the Vernadsky Library affiliated with the Academy of Sciences being the largest and most important.