Kuwait is a country located in the Middle East with a population of around 4.2 million people. Its economy is largely dependent on oil exports, banking and finance. Kuwait has strong diplomatic ties with many other countries including the United States, United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia and Iran. In 2018, Kuwait’s foreign policy focused on strengthening relationships with its Gulf neighbors while promoting economic development in the region. According to extrareference, Kuwait is a constitutional monarchy where Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah is the current ruler who was elected in 2006. The Parliament consists of one house: the National Assembly which is elected for four-year terms. The Prime Minister is appointed by the Ruler who then forms a government responsible for executive power.
Kuwait. According to Countryaah.com, Kuwait City is the capital city of Kuwait, a country located in Western Asia. The relationship between Kuwait and the Philippines was not very good during the year. In February, the Philippines imposed a travel ban on Kuwait because of the misfortunes that have long prevailed for Filipino guest workers. A Philippine delegation visited Kuwait to discuss with the authorities, including requiring employees to keep cell phones and passports normally confiscated by employers. The travel ban came after a Filipino maid was found dead in a freezer in Kuwait. Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte has accused Kuwait of forcing Filipino guest workers to work 21 hours in a row and women being raped regularly. There are about 260,000 Filipino citizens working in Kuwait; in the Gulf region, two million Filipinos are believed to be working.
In April, a Lebanese man and his Syrian wife were sentenced to death for the murder of Filipino maid Joanna Demafelis who was found in a freezer. The murder must have happened more than a year before it was discovered.
- According to Abbreviationfinder: KWT is an three letter acronym for Kuwait.
In May, an agreement was finally signed between Kuwait and the Philippines on the regulation of working conditions for Filipino guest workers. According to the agreement, guest workers now have the right to keep their mobile phone and also the right to one day of rest a week. The agreement is believed to mark the end of the conflict that started at the beginning of the year and led to the travel ban.
Fifteen people, most Asian guest workers at an oil company, were killed when two buses crashed frontal in southern Kuwait. The guest workers were employed by the private company Burgan Drilling. Kuwait has large oil resources but poor working conditions and, as in the case of Filipino workers, has limited rights for foreign guest workers.
Kuwait City, Arabic al-Kuwayt, capital of Kuwait; 2. 7 million residents (2010), including suburbs. Kuwait City is located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Kuwait, northwest of the Persian Gulf. The city is one of the most important trade and finance centers in the Middle East, with International Airport, University (founded in 1966) and Museum of Islamic Art.
Kuwait City was founded in the early 18th century by families who moved there from the interior of the Arabian Peninsula and became the seat of pearl fishing, trading and boat building. Due to limited water resources, Kuwait City remained a small town for a long time. In line with oil exports and the possibility of desalinating seawater, Kuwait City with suburbs has grown into a modern metropolis with often bold architecture. During Iraq’s occupation, Kuwait City was subjected to systematic looting, and many buildings were destroyed. After the war, most residents have been able to return, and the reconstruction work has been intense.
In the international field, Kuwait, although part of the moderate and pro-Western Arab camp, contributed to the financial support of the PLO and of the states directly involved in the conflict with Israel and actively participated in the policy of using oil as a weapon of pressure on Western countries in anti-Israeli function. During the war between Iran and Iraq (1980-88) he openly supported Baghdad ; as an anti-Iranian function, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) was established in 1981, an economic and military cooperation body between Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman, which helped strengthen the ties between the 6 Gulf monarchies. The decline in international oil prices during the 1980s significantly reduced the value of Kuwait’s exports, causing a slowdown in economic growth., while investments abroad became increasingly important. These developments strengthened the economic ties between the emirate and the industrialized Western countries and accentuated its propensity to produce excess quantities of oil compared to the quotas agreed by OPEC; this caused, since 1989, a progressive deterioration of relations with Iraq, heavily indebted and severely damaged by low oil prices. The re-emergence of border disputes contributed to the growth of tension between the two states until, in 1990, Iraq invaded the Kuwait; the subsequent intervention of large military forces, under the command of the United States, restored the independence of the emirate in 1991. In 1992 the UN Security Council approved an extension of the borders in favor of Kuwait. Reconstruction of the country started, France.
In the decade following the war there was a timid growth of the opposition movement to the regime, which if on the one hand materialized in the spread of radical Islam (the Islamic forces won the elections in 1999), on the other hand it helped to relaunch the liberal opposition and claims for the right to vote (expanded in 1996, with the granting of the right to vote to the children of naturalized Kuwaitis).