Mauritius 2018

Yearbook 2018

Mauritius. According to, Port Louis is the capital city of Mauritius, a country located in Eastern Africa. President Ameenah Gurib-Fakim ​​resigned in March following hard pressure from, among others, Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth. Already at the beginning of the month, Gurib-Fakim ​​announced her departure after she was accused of buying clothes and jewelry for US $ 27,000 with a credit card she received from the voluntary organization Planet Earth Institute. The president regretted that she had repaid the money and thus did not consider herself wrong, but said she would leave her post after the 50th anniversary of the country’s independence on March 12. A few days later, she withdrew her promise to resign but then changed again and was succeeded March 23 by Vice President Barlen Vyapoory.

Mauritius Port Louis Tourist Attractions 2

The roughly 200 Muslim protesters who stopped a pride parade in the capital Port Louis in June were criticized for their actions, by both Catholic Cardinal Maurice Piat and Prime Minister Jugnauth. Cardinal Piat emphasized the fallacy of preventing a demonstration that received a police permit, regardless of one’s position on LGBT issues.

The budget for 2018-19 presented by the government in June included a proposal that foreigners should be offered Mauritian citizenship by paying US $ 1 million to a national welfare fund. The fee for other family members should then be US $ 100,000. The opposition criticized the proposal.

By signing an agreement in Rwanda’s capital Kigali in March, Mauritius became one of 44 African countries that supported a new African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).


In the first half of the nineties, Mauritius’s political life continued to be characterized by strong political fragmentation, the result of ethnic and linguistic differences, as well as old and new networks of patronage and social interests. The majority of the population, made up of Indians, was opposed by the Franco-Mauritian group, a legacy of French colonial rule, and the Creole group (made up of French-speaking Catholic mestizos, descendants of slaves). Among the parties, the Franco-Mauritian and Creole parties – the Mouvement militant mauricien (MMM) -, founded by P. Bérenger, on moderate labor positions, and the Indian one, the Mouvement socialiste mauricien (MSM), founded by Prime Minister A. Jugnauth and argued in favor of leaving the Commonwealth.

The government alliance between MMM and MSM, the result of the agreement on institutional reform that had led to the proclamation of the Republic in March 1992 (again within the Commonwealth), was soon cracked by internal disputes and episodes of financial corruption that saw again the prime minister involved: in November 1993, therefore, the WMM split between the followers of Bérenger (who with the original name abandoned the government coalition and rejoined the Mauritius Labor Party, MLP, led by N. Ramgoolam) and the new group of the Renouveau militant mauricien (RMM, born in June 1994 under the leadership of Fr Nababsingh), which remained in government.

Despite the economic successes, due to the three-year development plan launched in 1993 in order to diversify production (traditionally linked to sugar) and to introduce measures of liberalization and modernization of the production and financial apparatus, the conflict between the governing parties weakened the Jugnauth cabinet. Thus, neither the numerous government reshuffles nor the expansion of the coalition to other parties (in 1995 the Parti mauricien social d é mocrate, PMSD also joined) managed to avoid the crisis.

After the defeat in Parliament, in November 1995, of the MSM’s proposal to introduce the teaching of oriental languages ​​in primary schools, the early political elections in December came, when the MLP-MMM alliance achieved a clear victory (respectively 35 and 25 out of the 62 seats in the National Assembly). However, the new cabinet chaired by Ramgoolam soon found itself divided: the restrictive measures adopted to control the increase in the inflation rate were attacked by the WMM, more attentive to the implementation of new social reforms. In June 1997, faced with the instability of the coalition and the exit from the government of the WMM, Ramgoolam formed a new single-party executive which was faced, in February 1999.

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