Mexico 2018

The population of Mexico in 2018 was estimated to be around 129 million people. The majority of the population are Mestizos, with a few small minorities including Indigenous peoples, Europeans and other expatriates. The main economic activities are agriculture, mining, and manufacturing. In terms of foreign relations, Mexico has diplomatic ties with many countries including the United States, Canada, and other Latin American countries. According to extrareference, the country is also a member of several international organizations such as the United Nations and the Organization of American States. In terms of politics, Mexico is a federal presidential republic governed by an elected president who serves as both head of state and head of government.

Yearbook 2018

Mexico. After two failed attempts in 2006 and 2012, Andrés Manuel López Obrador succeeded in winning the presidential election on July 1, and the victory was, to say the least, devastating. Not since the time when the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) practically had a monopoly on Mexican politics and for 70 years ruled the outcome of elections in the country through electoral fraud, the victory margin has been so great against the main opponent. López Obrador won by more than 30%. The last thing that happened was as far back as 1982. At the head of the disparate right-left alliance Together we make history (Juntos Haremos History, JHH) he got 53% of the votes cast and Ricardo Anaya from the right-left coalition Por México al Frente got 22 %, while José António Meade from a PRI-led alliance received only 16%. In addition, López Obrador won a majority of the votes in no less than 31 of Mexico’s 32 states; in 13 of them with more than 60% and in his home state Tabasco with 80%. According to, Mexico City is the capital city of Mexico, a country located in North America. One of the parties in the López Obrador alliance won five of nine governor elections held simultaneously and the majority in 19 of 26 state parliaments.

Mexico City Tourist Attractions 2


Inflation rate 6.00%
Unemployment rate 3.4%
Gross domestic product (GDP) $ 2,463,000,000,000
GDP growth rate 2.00%
GDP per capita $ 19,900
GDP by sector
Agriculture 3.60%
Industry 31.90%
Service 64.50%
State budget
Revenue 207.7 billion
Expenditure 206.9 billion
Proportion of the population below the national poverty line 52.3%
Distribution of household income
Top 10% 41.4
Lower 10% 1.5
Industrial production growth rate 3.30%
Investment volume 21.8% of GDP
National debt 54.30% of GDP
Foreign exchange reserves 189,200,000,000 USD
Tourism 2014
Visitors 29,346,000
Revenue 16,607,000,000 USD


Neither in 21 years has a elected president gained his own majority in Congress. In the House of Representatives, López Obrador’s alliance got 303 out of 500 seats and in the Senate 70 out of 128 seats, which would mean a comfortable majority to be able to change the constitution. The entire party system in Mexico was shaken and all established parties suffered major defeat. In particular, the ruling party PRI, which had no worse election results since it was formed in 1929. In addition to the great defeat in the presidential election, the party lost 140 seats in the House of Representatives (from 203 to 63) and in the Senate only managed to retain 20 seats. Of the nine governor positions that were at stake, PRI did not win a single. López Obrador was sworn into office December 1, promising to fight corruption and waste with public resources and welfare reform.

While López Obrador’s victory was historic, the election campaign became the most violent in the country’s history. From September 2017 until Election Day, 129 politicians and political activists were killed, including 48 candidates for various political offices. Social violence also reached new record levels. The statistics for 2017, published in January, showed that more than 25,000 murders were registered, which corresponds to 69 murders per day, and the trend in 2018 was the same. The worst exposed in relative terms was the state of Colima with 94 murders per 100,000 residents.

Tensions between Mexico and the US that prevailed over the past two years persisted. Great attention at the end of the year was given the so-called migrant caravans with thousands of Central American refugees who migrated through Mexico to enter the United States, mainly at the border town of Tijuana. The caravans caused some incidents on their way through Guatemala and Mexico, but by and large they went well through the care of locals and the Red Cross.

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