Mexico. After two failed attempts in 2006 and 2012, Andrés Manuel López Obrador succeeded in winning the presidential election on July 1, and the victory was, to say the least, devastating. Not since the time when the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) practically had a monopoly on Mexican politics and for 70 years ruled the outcome of elections in the country through electoral fraud, the victory margin has been so great against the main opponent. López Obrador won by more than 30%. The last thing that happened was as far back as 1982. At the head of the disparate right-left alliance Together we make history (Juntos Haremos History, JHH) he got 53% of the votes cast and Ricardo Anaya from the right-left coalition Por México al Frente got 22 %, while José António Meade from a PRI-led alliance received only 16%. In addition, López Obrador won a majority of the votes in no less than 31 of Mexico’s 32 states; in 13 of them with more than 60% and in his home state Tabasco with 80%. According to Countryaah.com, Mexico City is the capital city of Mexico, a country located in North America. One of the parties in the López Obrador alliance won five of nine governor elections held simultaneously and the majority in 19 of 26 state parliaments.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 2,463,000,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||2.00%|
|GDP per capita||$ 19,900|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||52.3%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||3.30%|
|Investment volume||21.8% of GDP|
|National debt||54.30% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||189,200,000,000 USD|
Neither in 21 years has a elected president gained his own majority in Congress. In the House of Representatives, López Obrador’s alliance got 303 out of 500 seats and in the Senate 70 out of 128 seats, which would mean a comfortable majority to be able to change the constitution. The entire party system in Mexico was shaken and all established parties suffered major defeat. In particular, the ruling party PRI, which had no worse election results since it was formed in 1929. In addition to the great defeat in the presidential election, the party lost 140 seats in the House of Representatives (from 203 to 63) and in the Senate only managed to retain 20 seats. Of the nine governor positions that were at stake, PRI did not win a single. López Obrador was sworn into office December 1, promising to fight corruption and waste with public resources and welfare reform.
While López Obrador’s victory was historic, the election campaign became the most violent in the country’s history. From September 2017 until Election Day, 129 politicians and political activists were killed, including 48 candidates for various political offices. Social violence also reached new record levels. The statistics for 2017, published in January, showed that more than 25,000 murders were registered, which corresponds to 69 murders per day, and the trend in 2018 was the same. The worst exposed in relative terms was the state of Colima with 94 murders per 100,000 residents.
Tensions between Mexico and the US that prevailed over the past two years persisted. Great attention at the end of the year was given the so-called migrant caravans with thousands of Central American refugees who migrated through Mexico to enter the United States, mainly at the border town of Tijuana. The caravans caused some incidents on their way through Guatemala and Mexico, but by and large they went well through the care of locals and the Red Cross.