Singapore is a city-state located in Southeast Asia with an estimated population of 5.6 million people. The economy is largely based on financial services, manufacturing and tourism, with the main exports being electronics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. In terms of foreign relations, Singapore is a member of the United Nations and other international organizations such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). According to extrareference, Singapore is a parliamentary republic with an elected president who serves as head of state while the prime minister serves as head of government. In 2018, Halimah Yacob was elected to serve another term in office as President of Singapore.
Singapore. In February, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong announced his intention to reform the government with a view to giving younger members more responsibility. According to Countryaah.com, Singapore is the capital city of Singapore, a country located in Southeastern Asia. The reason was that he planned to resign within the next few years. The prime minister stated that general elections would be held by 2021. At the same time, he said he was likely to be succeeded by someone from the government. Officially, Singapore is a democracy but has been ruled by the ruling party People’s Action Party (PAP) since the 1950s.
- According to Abbreviationfinder: SGP is an three letter acronym for Singapore.
In a massive hacker attack in July, one and a half million Singaporeans were stolen medical records, including Lee Hsien Loongs. According to the country’s health and information ministry, it was specifically the prime minister and his medication that targeted the attacks.
During the year, Singapore chaired the ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations), which held an annual foreign ministerial meeting in August. At the meeting, to which the United States and China were also invited, the ASEAN countries and China agreed on a letter that would form the basis for future negotiations regarding a code of conduct in the South China Sea. The letter marked a turning point for discussions about the South China Sea, whose waters and islands China is increasingly demanding.
History – In the first fifteen years of the 21st century, Singapore’s political life continued to be dominated by the People’s action party (PAP), in power since 1959. The political elections of 2006 – in which the PAP won 66.6% of the votes – were marked by the case of James Gomez: intending to run with the opposition force of the Workers’ party (WP), Gomez was not admitted to the consultations because he had not filed the appropriate form with the electoral department. The day after the vote, Gomez was placed in custody for allegedly threatening a department officer, and was released shortly thereafter.
The following years continued to be characterized by a pervasive control by the authorities over all areas of social life, with methods that were harshly criticized by organizations for the protection of human rights. Particular concern was highlighted about the 2009 Public Order Act, which could lead to further restrictions on the right of peaceful assembly and freedom of expression. The space for action for the opposition forces was also very limited, as demonstrated by the case of the leader of the Singapore democratic party Chee Soon Juan, who was arrested several times and who was not allowed to participate in the elections of 2006 and 2011 due to bankruptcy. having paid defamation damages to former Premier Lee Kuan Yew and Goh Chok Tong. As a hub commercial and international financial center, Singapore felt the effects of the global economic crisis, but after a slowdown in GDP growth in 2008 and a contraction in 2009 (−0.6% according to the International Monetary Fund), the country returned to growth in 2010 (+ 15.2%).
The elections of May 2011 saw a new confirmation of the PAP, which won the thirteenth consecutive electoral victory, but also suffered a significant loss of consensus – over 6 percentage points – compared to the consultations of 2006. Lee Hsien Loong, son of his father Lee Kwan Yew and prime minister since 2004, was confirmed in office, while in the presidential elections of the following August, Tony Tan was elected head of state with 35.2% of the vote. In the following years, some demonstrations of dissent were recorded in the country. In November 2012, some Chinese bus drivers withdrew from work to protest low wages and denounce the discriminatory pay compared to that granted to their Singaporean and Malaysian colleagues. It was the first – illegal – strike in the country since 1986. In February 2013, instead, the citizens of Singapore protested against the government’s immigration policies, contesting a project that planned to increase the state’s population up to 6, 9 million people in 2030, with an increase in the presence of foreigners in the country. In the following month of December, violent riots broke out in the neighborhood of Little India, after the death of an immigrant worker hit by a bus: clashes with the police involved about 400 people and some vehicles were set on fire.
In March 2015, Lee Kuan Yew died at the age of 91: seven days of national mourning were declared in the country. In September, a year earlier than the natural deadline, the elections were held: the PAP, again winner, obtained a result above expectations, winning 69.9% of the votes, the best percentage since the 2001 elections.