Tajikistan. According to Countryaah.com, Dushanbe is the capital city of Tajikistan, a country located in Central Asia. Political thaw in neighboring Uzbekistan continued to warm neighbor relations. In January, several border crossings between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were opened, and in March the Uzbek President visited Tajikistan. It was then decided that the visa requirement for cross-border travel would be waived.
Later, cooperation was agreed to clear mines at the border. Many Tajikistani shepherds had been killed since the mines were deployed by the Uzbek military in 2000 with the intention of stopping militant Islamists from Tajikistan.
- According to Abbreviationfinder: TJK is an three letter acronym for Tajikistan.
Domestically, no political thunderstorm was noticed. The cult of personality surrounding President Emomali Rachmon continued, and in state media he was mentioned as the Founder of Peace and National Unity, the leader of the nation, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, his Excellency Emomali Rachmon.
In July, four foreign bicycle tourists were killed south of the capital Dusjanbe in what appeared to be a terrorist act. Several perpetrators were shot dead and one was arrested by police. The Islamic State (IS) terror group said it was behind the act, but the government claimed that the perpetrators were members of a banned Tajik Islamist party.
At a riot in prison in November, nearly 50 interns and two employees were killed. IS was said to be behind the uprising. Among the inmates were many convicted of serious crimes such as murder or convicted of membership in IS.
In November, security forces arrested twelve people accused of membership of IS and of plans to attack the Russian military base in Dushanbe.
In November, the large hydroelectric dam Rogun in western Tajikistan was inaugurated. It has been built in installments since the Soviet era, and it is fully designed to have the world’s largest dust height of 335 meters.
The peace treaty signed in Moscow on June 27, 1997 in the presence of Russian President B. El´cin, Tajik President I. Rahmonov, opposition leader SA Nuri, head of the OTO (Ob´edinënnaja Tadzhikskaja Oppozicija), of the Iranian Foreign Minister Vaylati and the UN representative D. Merrem, while not putting an end to the civil war that for years had bloodied the Tajikistan (now Jumhuri-i Tojikiston) causing several tens of thousands of deaths and at least 500thousand refugees, however, with the return of most of the political refugees from Afghan exile, the start of the integration of the opposition armed forces into the Tajik national army and the decision to assign 30 % of the OTO men government posts, a whole new situation.
The painstakingly won peace continued to be threatened by terrorist acts in various areas of the country and by the persistence of opposing factions, both in the government and in the opposition. Furthermore, following the occupation by the Ṭālibān of a large part of Afghānistān, including the northern areas on the borders of the former USSR, the leaders of Russia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, acting under the aegis of the UN, they concentrated their political, diplomatic and even military efforts to induce the parties to lay down their arms.
In the situation of peace, albeit precarious, which arose following the agreements reached between the government and the opposition, Tajikistan was able to count on the support of neighboring countries for the reconstruction, especially Uzbekistan, particularly exposed to the repercussions of the instability of the Tajikistan is interested in curbing the migratory flow from areas affected by the civil war. But it is above all on Russia – whose military presence still plays an important role both on the borders with Afghānistān and in the interior of the country, for the defense of the ‘ceasefire’ – that Tajikistan aims to find solutions to the problems of the security and economic development. However, precisely because of the substantial dependence of its economy on Russia, Tajikistan is, within the CIS,1998.
The fragility of the agreement reached between the forces that had been protagonists of the civil war continued to cause instability even in the country’s political leaders, although the presidential elections (November 6, 1994), which had decreed the victory of I. Rahmonov (58, 32 % of the vote), and the subsequent political elections (28 February 1995), won by the Communist Party but judged undemocratic by the OSCE (which had refused to send its observers), had considerably changed the situation. On 7 March 1998the recognized leader of the Islamic opposition, KA Turajonzoda, returned to his homeland from exile in Teherān, who obtained the post of deputy prime minister in the coalition government formed after, at the end of yet another crisis, President Rahmonov had accepted the requests presented by the OTO by granting it some command posts (Economy, Labor, Committee for the improvement of the irrigation system, Customs, Committee for technical control) in the government and freeing more than 300 opposition prisoners.