Zimbabwe. In January, President Emmerson Mnangagwa announced the July presidential and parliamentary elections. Mnangagwa, who became party leader in ZANU-PF in November 2017 after Robert Mugabe’s resignation and shortly thereafter became president, promised fair elections and that he would accept any loss.
In mid-February, the leader of the country’s largest opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), Morgan Tsvangirai passed away in cancer. The former union leader was for several years the one who seriously challenged Robert Mugabe for power. To Tsvangirai’s successor, the party appointed Nelson Chamisa, minister of information, communications and technology in the unifying government formed after the 2009 election. Chamisa was also launched as the party’s candidate in the upcoming presidential election.
- According to Abbreviationfinder: ZI is an three letter acronym for Zimbabwe.
In June, a hand grenade burst at one of ZANU-PF’s meetings. According to Countryaah.com, Harare is the capital city of Zimbabwe, a country located in Eastern Africa . President Mnangagwa was present but escaped unharmed. However, two other people were killed and close to 50 were injured. Mnangagwa pointed out Generation 40 (G40), that is, followers of Grace Mugabe, who is married to Robert Mugabe. Those included in the informal group G40 supported Grace Mugabe in her ambition to succeed her husband as president, plans that were shattered when the military forced Mugabe away in favor of Mnangagwa.
In the first round of presidential elections in July, Emmerson Mnangagwa received 50.8% of the vote, which meant there was no second round. Chamisa received 44.3%. ZANU-PF received 145 of the 210 electoral seats in the National Assembly and 35 of 60 electoral seats in the Senate. The corresponding figures for MDC were 63 and 24. respectively, Chamisa and MDC accused the government of electoral fraud. During the protests that erupted in the capital Harare, the military shot dead six people. Chamisa appealed against the election results and, pending the outcome, the ceremony was canceled when Mnangagwa would temporarily suspend the presidential election. An unanimous Supreme Court rejected Chamisa’s request that the election be annulled and Mnangagwa could take up his first term as president.
In October, a great deal of concern among the country’s residents spread over the economic situation. The fear of a collapse caused people to hoard food and gasoline. The government called for calm and guaranteed that all necessary goods, including fuel, would remain available.
Harare, formerly Salisbury, Zimbabwe’s capital and largest city; 1.6 million residents (2009), to which are added 365,000 respectively. 152,000 in the satellite towns of Chitungwiza and Epworth. The town is situated at a height of 1500 m and has a pleasant climate. Harare’s development is in every way a product of the colonial era and its European settlers, and it now has the character of a modern metropolis. Already in 1899 it got a rail link to the port city of Beira, and today there are good traffic connections to all of Zimbabwe and to neighboring countries.
The city center, where the busy streets are perpendicular to each other, is characterized by business and administration; newer high-rise buildings and modern skyscrapers of all styles blend with low-rise buildings from the early 1900’s. There are also street vendors and street children. The northern suburbs were previously reserved for the white population and contained large villas in park-like gardens. The populous districts south and west of the city are very densely built; here, much of the immigration from rural areas is absorbed. However, Harare has very little actual slum, and many open, green areas, along with numerous jacaranda and other flowering trees, contribute to what the city is rightly called The Garden City.
Harare has a significant and versatile industry in Africa, among other things. with the processing of agricultural products (cotton and food). The companies are predominantly located in large industrial districts against SV, where you will also find the world’s largest tobacco auctions.
The city was founded in 1890 by the British South Africa Company and named after the then British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury. It became the capital of the Southern Rhodesia colony in 1923 and in the independent Zimbabwe of 1980. After 1998, the city developed into a stronghold of opposition to the government of Robert Mugabe. In the election to the City Council in 2002, MDC (Movement for Democratic Change) received over 80% of the vote. In May 2005, the government destroyed large slums around the city, leading to unrest and international criticism. The critics felt that the purpose was to weaken MDC’s support before the parliamentary elections later this year.