Lesotho is a small landlocked country located in Southern Africa, with an estimated population of over 2.2 million people. The majority of the population are of Basotho ethnicity, with minorities from other African countries such as South Africa and Zimbabwe. The economy of Lesotho is heavily reliant on agriculture, which accounts for about 25% of GDP, as well as the textile and apparel industries. Foreign relations are mainly concentrated around regional countries in Southern Africa. Lesotho maintains strong ties to South Africa, particularly through the Southern African Development Community (SADC). According to extrareference, Lesotho is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy ruled by King Letsie III since 1996. In 2018, the country saw some political unrest as protests calling for reform and democracy broke out throughout the country due to alleged corruption and economic mismanagement. Despite these challenges, the people remain hopeful that their voices will be heard and that they will be able to build a brighter future for their nation.
Lesotho. The regional cooperation organization SADC’s peacekeeping efforts in Lesotho ended in November after one year. The operation, known as SAPMIL, was extended in April for six months, but the SADC countries rejected the government’s proposal to extend the operation further. Great contradictions existed between Prime Minister Tom Thabane and the opposition. Former Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili demanded in January that SAPMIL leave the country.
- According to Abbreviationfinder: LSO is an three letter acronym for Lesotho.
During the year there were several threats to jump off the process of stabilizing the country and introducing reforms of the constitution. SADC leaders criticized the Maseru government for the slow pace. In September, the talks were close to collapsing when the opposition protested against Thabane being shut down by Chief Justice Nthomeng Majara, who since 2014 has been chairman of the Supreme Court. She was accused of inciting violence after she challenged the government’s decision to replace the chief of the Constitutional Court appointed by the previous government.
According to Countryaah.com, Maseru is the capital city of Lesotho, a country located in Southern Africa. Thabane replaced several ministers during the year. Three were dismissed, including the Minister of Health and the Minister of Tourism and the Environment, while the Minister of Defense resigned for personal reasons.