Qatar. The conflict with neighboring countries continued this year as well. What has come to be called the new Gulf crisis began when Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt in June 2017 accused Qatar of supporting Iran and terrorism. The countries then cut all ties to Qatar and imposed harsh sanctions.
According to Countryaah.com, Doha is the capital city of Qatar, a country located in Western Asia. Bad relations continued in 2018, although a recognition by US President Donald Trump in January, thanking Qatar’s emir Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani for acting to counter terrorism and extremism, somewhat thawed the situation. Even the resumed diplomatic relations in February between Chad and Qatar, which had broken in the summer of 2017 in sympathy with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt, may have helped to improve the situation.
But in early June they seemed to be back on square one. Then Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud threatened to attack Qatar militarily if the country purchased the planned Russian robot defense system S-400. That same month, Qatar filed a lawsuit against the United Arab Emirates to the International Criminal Court. The indictment was for human rights violations, as Qatar was isolated by its neighbors both diplomatically and physically, which has had “a devastating impact on the human rights of Qatari”, according to a statement from the government.
In December, Qatar decided to leave the oil-producing countries’ cooperation (OPEC) from January 2019. It has been a member of OPEC since 1961, but has been one of the smallest oil producers since natural gas is the most important in the country’s energy production. At the turn of the year, a 100 percent tax on alcohol was also introduced.
According to estimates from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Qatar will not be the world’s richest place for long. The Chinese casino island Macau will have Qatar by 2020. Macau’s GDP per capita is then estimated at $ 143,116, while Qatar’s figure is $ 139,151.